American physicist and co-inventor from the transistor who ushered in the electronic devices revolution and directly resulted in the electronic devices boom in Silicon Valley. He distributed the 1956 Nobel Reward in Physics for his function. After completing his education at Caltech and MIT, he joined up with Bell Labs in NY, before checking his own lab in Mountain Look at, California. Although an excellent guy himself, his dictatorial design turned away a lot of his brightest employees – eight of these went on to start out Fairchild Semiconductor, an instantaneous achievement, while his personal company was offered to Beckman Tools. He was created in London, Britain, his dad William Hillman Shockley a mining engineer. He also became a solid proponent of Francis Galton’s theory of eugenics, arguing that additional races had been intellectually inferior compared to whites, which their high birthrate threatened mankind all together.