A Scottish chemist who discovered the commendable gases in the 1890’s that he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904. He had written his doctoral thesis Investigations in the Toluic and Nitrotoluic Acids in the College or university of Tubingen in Germany. He was the 1st chemist to isolate the chemical substance component helium, which got previously just been seen in the spectral range of the sun. He previously a boy and a girl along with his wife, Margaret Johnstone Marshall. He earned the Nobel Reward for Chemistry in 1904, seven years before Madame Curie earned it.