German physicist, who, in 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic rays within a wavelength range, which today are referred to as X-rays. For his function he won the initial Nobel Award in Physics in 1901. In 1869, he graduated using a Ph.D. in the School of Zurich. Dealing with a chemical that provided off unseen light, he discovered the light experienced most objects, however, not individual bones. His family members transferred from Germany to holland when he was three. He gained the initial Nobel Award in Physics in 1901 2 yrs before Marie Curie do.