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Vittorio De Sica

Biography

Italian director who was simply a leader in the neorealist movement from the 1940’s and 1950’s. His 1948 film Ladri di Biciclette (Bike Thieves) is broadly considered probably one of the most essential movies in cinematic background, telling the storyplot of a guy and his boy looking for a taken bicycle through the entire course of each day. He began his career like a theater acting professional and he shaped his own theater business in 1933. For his part as Main Rinaldi in the 1957 film A Farewell to Hands he received an Academy Honor nomination for Greatest Supporting Acting professional. He was wedded to Giuditta Rissone from 1937 to 1954 and Maria Mercader from 1959 to 1974. He previously three children called Emi, Manuel and Christian. He aimed the 1964 Italian film Matrimonio all’italiana (Relationship Italian-Style) starring Sophia Loren.

Quick Facts


Date Of Birth July 7, 1901
Place Of Birth Sora, Italy
Height 1.76 m
Profession Director
Nationality Italian, French
Spouse María Mercader, Giuditta Rissone
Children Christian De Sica, Manuel De Sica, Vicky Lagos, Emi De Sica
Parents Umberto De Sica, Teresa Manfredi
Siblings Elena De Sica, Maria De Sica, Elmo De Sica
Awards Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Golden Bear, David di Donatello for Best Director, David di Donatello for Best Actor, BAFTA Award for Best Film, David di Donatello Golden Plate Award, Bodil Award for Best Non-American Film, David di Donatello European David Award, Jussi Award for Best Foreign Director
Nominations Golden Lion, Academy Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, Grand Jury Prize, Venezia Classici Award for Best Restored Film
Movies Bicycle Thieves, Umberto D., Shoeshine, Two Women, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, Miracle in Milan, Marriage Italian Style, The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, Terminal Station, The Gold of Naples, The Children Are Watching Us, After the Fox, Boccaccio '70, A Brief Vacation, Sunflower, The Boom, The Earrings of Madame de…, Woman Times Seven, General Della Rovere, The Last Judgment, The Voyage, The Witches, The Condemned of Altona, Doctor, Beware, A Place for Lovers, The Roof, A Farewell to Arms, Red Roses, Bread, Love and Dreams, Maddalena, Zero for Conduct, Scandal in Sorrento, It Happened in the Park, Doorway to heaven, What Scoundrels Men Are!, We'll Call Him Andrew, Anna of Brooklyn, Un monde nouveau, A Garibaldian in the Convent, The Two Marshals, It Started in Naples, Blood for Dracula, The Shoes of the Fisherman, The Biggest Bundle of Them All, The Millionairess, Too Bad She's Bad, If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium, The Amorous Adventures of Moll Flanders, Le coppie, The Monte Carlo Story, The Assassination of Matteotti, Heart
TV Shows The Four Just Men, The Adventures of Pinocchio
Star Sign Cancer

  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

#Fact
1 Former brother-in-law of Checco Rissone.
2 Father-in-law of Maria Lucia Langella and Silvia Verdone. Former father-in-law of Tilde Corsi. Grandfather of Andrea De Sica (Manuel's son), Mariarosa and Brando De Sica (Christian's children).
3 The director of four Italian films that were honored with the Academy Award (two special awards for "Shoeshine" and "The Bicycle Thief", the Best Foreign Film Oscar for.
4 Brother-in-law of Ramon Mercader, the murderer of Leon Trotsky.
5 Directed Sophia Loren to an Oscar nomination twice, for Two Women (1960) and for Marriage Italian Style (1964). Loren won an Oscar for the first nomination.
6 Supporter of the Italian Communist Party.
7 Is portrayed by Edmund Purdom in Sophia Loren: Her Own Story (1980)
8 His movies Ieri, oggi, domani (1963), Marriage Italian Style (1964), The Garden of the Finzi-Continis (1970) were Oscar-nomiinated for "Best Foreign Language Film". Ieri, oggi, domani (1963) and The Garden of the Finzi-Continis (1970) won. Bicycle Thieves (1948) and Shoeshine (1946) received special Honarary Awards for their high and oustanding quality.
9 Biography in: John Wakeman, editor. "World Film Directors, Volume One, 1890-1945". Pages 229-237. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1987.
10 He was a compulsive gambler
11 De Sica continued to act in films in order to finance his own projects.
12 In addition to being famous as a great director, De Sica was renowned for his light earthy acting roles opposite Italy's most famous sex goddesses at the time: Gina Lollobrigida and Sophia Loren.
13 De Sica lived with his second wife, María Mercader, from 1942 on, but couldn't marry her until 1968 after acquiring French citizenship, which allowed him to finally divorce Giuditta Rissone, his first.
14 Father of Emilia, Manuel De Sica and Christian De Sica.


Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Nel blu dipinto di blu 1959 Spartaco
Ferdinando I° re di Napoli 1959 Seccano
General Della Rovere 1959 Bardone AKA 'Grimaldi'
Il moralista 1959 The O. I. M. P. President
Il mondo dei miracoli 1959 Director Pietro Giordani
Vacanze d'inverno 1959 Maurice
Policarpo 'ufficiale di scrittura' 1959 The Illusionist (uncredited)
Uomini e nobiluomini 1959 Marchese Nicola Peccori Macinelli di Afragola
Il marito bello: Il nemico di mia moglie 1959 Ottavio Terenzi, padre di Marco
La prima notte 1959 Alfredo
Pan, amor y Andalucía 1958 Maresciallo Carotenuto
La ragazza di piazza San Pietro 1958 Armando Conforti
Gli zitelloni 1958 Il professore
Angel in a Taxi 1958 God
Always Victorious 1958 Il comandante Ernesto De Rossi
Fast and Sexy 1958 Don Luigi
Domenica è sempre domenica 1958 Comandante Castaldi
Amore e chiacchiere (Salviamo il panorama) 1958 Avvocato Bonelli
The Lady Doctor 1957 Marchese De Vitti
Holiday Island 1957 Engineer Occhipinti
A Farewell to Arms 1957 Major Alessandro Rinaldi
Il medico e lo stregone 1957 Antonio Locoratolo
Il conte Max 1957 Conte Max Orsini Varaldo
La donna che venne dal mare 1957 Console Bordogin
Casino de Paris 1957 Alexandre Gordy
It Happened in Rome 1957 The Count
I colpevoli 1957 Giorgio
A Tailor's Maid 1957 Vincenzo Corallo
Noi siamo le colonne 1956 Alfredo Celimontani
The Montecarlo Story 1956 Count Dino della Fiaba
Tempo di villeggiatura 1956 Aristide Rossi
Nero's Mistress 1956 Seneca
I giorni più belli 1956
The Bigamist 1956 L'onorevole Principe / Attorney Principe
What a Woman! 1956 Minor Role (uncredited)
Sulle strade di notte 1956 TV Movie
Pane, amore e..... 1955 Comandante Carotenuto
Racconti romani 1955 Avvocato Mazzoni Baralla
The Miller's Beautiful Wife 1955 Don Teofilo - governatore
It Happens in Roma 1955 Carlo Reani
Il segno di Venere 1955 Alessio Spano
Peccato che sia una canaglia 1955 Vittorio Stroppiani
The Gold of Naples 1954 Il conte Prospero B. (segment "I giocatori") (uncredited)
Frisky 1954 Maresciallo Carotenuto
Allegro squadrone 1954 Il generale
Vergine moderna 1954 Antonio Valli
The Bed 1954 Roberto (segment "Divorce, Le")
The Anatomy of Love 1954 Il conte Ferdinando (segment "Don Corradino")
Gran variet 1954 Veneziani - il fine dicitore (segment "Il censore")
Cento anni d'amore 1954 Duke Giovanni del Bagno aka Signor Pallini (segment "Pendolin")
Il matrimonio 1954 Gregory Stefanovich Smirnov
Bread, Love and Dreams 1953 Maresciallo Carotenuto
It Happened in the Park 1953 L'avvocato Arturo Cavazzuti (segment: Incidente a Villa Borghese)
The Earrings of Madame de... 1953 Baron Fabrizio Donati
Times Gone By 1952 Attorney (segment "Il processo di Frine")
The Secret Conclave 1952
Hello Elephant 1952 Carlo Caretti
Mamma mia, che impressione! 1951
Position Wanted 1951 Leonardo Leonardi
Tomorrow Is Too Late 1950 Professor Landi
Il mondo vuole così 1949 Paolo Morelli
Heart and Soul 1948 Professor Perboni
Lo sconosciuto di San Marino 1948 Leo, l'ateo
Natale al campo 119 1947 Don Vicenzino
Lost in the Dark 1947 Nunzio
Peddlin' in Society 1946 Il conte Ghirani
Roma citt 1946 Distinguished Gentleman
My Widow and I 1945 Adriano Lari
Vivere ancora 1945
L'ippocampo 1945 Pio Sandi
Nessuno torna indietro 1945 Maurizio
I nostri sogni 1943 Leo
Non sono superstizioso... ma! 1943 Il barone Roberto
La guardia del corpo 1942 Riccardo, L'investigatore privato
Un garibaldino al convento 1942 Nino Bixio (uncredited)
Se io fossi onesto 1942 Pietro Kovach
Doctor, Beware 1941 Il dottore Pietro Vignali
L'avventuriera del piano di sopra 1941 Fabrizio Marchini
Maddalena... zero in condotta 1940 Alfredo Hartman
La peccatrice 1940 Pietro Bandelli
The Two Mothers 1940 Salvatore
Rose scarlatte 1940 Alberto Verani
Two on a Vacation 1940 Il conte Corrado Valli
Manon Lescaut 1940 Renato Des Grieux
It Always Ends That Way 1939 Alberto Miller
I grandi magazzini 1939 Bruno Zacchi
Castelli in aria 1939 Riccardo Pietramola
Naples That Never Dies 1939
Ai vostri ordini, signora... 1939 Pietro Haguet
Hanno rapito un uomo 1938 L'attore cinematografico
Partire 1938 Paolo Veronda
L'orologio a cucù 1938 Il capitano Ducci
Triumph of Love 1938 Vincenzo
La mazurca di pap 1938 Stefano San Mauro / Il figlio di San Mauro
Napoli d'altri tempi 1938 Mario Esposito
Ma non è una cosa seria 1937 Memmo Speranza
Questi ragazzi 1937 Vincenzo
Il signor Max 1937 Gianni / Max Varaldo
The Man Who Smiles 1937 Pio Fardella
Lohengrin 1936 Alfredo
Non ti conosco più 1936 Il dottore Alberto Spinelli
I Love You Only 1936 Prof. Giovanni Agano
I'll Give a Million 1935 Gold
Full Speed 1934 Il professore Giacomo Banti
Il signore desidera? 1934 Martino
The Song of the Sun 1934 Paladino, il avvocato
La segretaria per tutti 1933 Un gag
Un cattivo soggetto 1933 Willy
Das Lied der Sonne 1933 Dr. Giuseppe Paladino
The Lucky Diamond 1933 Fritz Peters
Love Passes By 1933
Paprika 1933/II
Due cuori felici 1932 Mister Brown
Gli uomini, che mascalzoni... 1932 Bruno
The Old Lady 1932 Il fine dicitore
La compagnia dei matti 1928 Prof. Rosolillo
La bellezza del mondo 1927
Il processo Clémenceau 1917 Pierre Clémenceau bambino
L'eroe 1976 TV Movie
The Small Miracle 1974 TV Movie Father Damico
Blood for Dracula 1974 Il Marchese Di Fiore
Viaggia, ragazza, viaggia, hai la musica nelle vene 1973
Il delitto Matteotti 1973 Mauro Del Giudice
Storia de fratelli e de cortelli 1973 Maresciallo Cenciarelli
Le avventure di Pinocchio 1972 TV Mini-Series Giudice
Quando le donne si chiamavano 'Madonne' 1972
L'odeur des fauves 1972 Milord
Snow Job 1972 Enrico Dolphi
Ettore lo fusto 1972 Giove
Siamo tutti in libert 1971 Giuseppe Mancini 'Pulcinella'
Trastevere 1971 Enrico Formichi
Io non vedo, tu non parli, lui non sente 1971 Player in Venice casino
Cose di Cosa Nostra 1971 Don Michele
12 + 1 1969 Carlo Di Seta - The Commadatore
If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium 1969 Shoemaker
The Shoes of the Fisherman 1968/I Cardinal Rinaldi
Caroline chérie 1968 Le comte de Bièvre - le père de Caroline (as Vittorio de Sica)
The Biggest Bundle of Them All 1968 Cesare Celli
Gli altri, gli altri... e noi 1967
An Italian in America 1967 Giuseppe's Father
Me, Me, Me... and the Others 1966 Commendator Trepossi
The Amorous Adventures of Moll Flanders 1965 The Count
Eva 1962 uncredited
I due marescialli 1961 Maresciallo Vittorio Cottone (as De Sica)
Gli attendenti 1961 Colonnello Filippo Bitossi
The Wonders of Aladdin 1961 Genie
The Last Judgment 1961 Defense lawyer
Vive Henri IV... vive l'amour! 1961 L'ambassadeur d'Espagne (as Vittorio de Sica)
L'onorata societ 1961 Salvatore, the 'Capintesta'
Gli incensurati 1961 Attore di Fumetti
Lafayette 1961 Bancroft
Gastone 1960 The prince
Un amore a Roma 1960 Director
Il vigile 1960 Il sindaco
The Millionairess 1960 Joe (as Vittorio de Sica)
Fontana di Trevi 1960
Le pillole di Ercole 1960 Piero Cuocolo
Le tre eccetera del colonnello 1960 Colonel Belalcazar
The Four Just Men 1959-1960 TV Series Ricco Poccari
It Started in Naples 1960 Mario Vitale
The Battle of Austerlitz 1960 Pope Pius VII
The Angel Wore Red 1960 Gen. Clave
Vita col padre e con la madre 1960 TV Mini-Series Clarence Day

Director

Director

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Voyage 1974
A Brief Vacation 1973
Lo chiameremo Andrea 1972
I cavalieri di Malta 1971 TV Movie documentary
La nascita della Repubblica 1971 TV Series 1 episode
Le coppie 1970 segment "Leone, Il"
The Garden of the Finzi-Continis 1970
I girasoli 1970
A Place for Lovers 1968
Woman Times Seven 1967
The Witches 1967 segment "Sera come le altre, Una"
After the Fox 1966
Un monde nouveau 1966
Marriage Italian Style 1964
Ieri, oggi, domani 1963
Il boom 1963
I sequestrati di Altona 1962
Boccaccio '70 1962 segment "La riffa"
The Last Judgment 1961
Two Women 1960
Il tetto 1956
The Gold of Naples 1954
It Happened in the Park 1953 uncredited
Indiscretion of an American Wife 1953
Umberto D. 1952
Miracle in Milan 1951
Bicycle Thieves 1948
Heart and Soul 1948 children's scenes
Shoeshine 1946
La porta del cielo 1945
I bambini ci guardano 1944
Un garibaldino al convento 1942
Doctor, Beware 1941
Maddalena... zero in condotta 1940
Rose scarlatte 1940

Writer

Writer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
La nascita della Repubblica 1971 TV Series written by - 1 episode
The Garden of the Finzi-Continis 1970 uncredited
Two Women 1960 screenplay - uncredited
The Gold of Naples 1954 screenplay
Bread, Love and Dreams 1953 story and screenplay - uncredited
Miracle in Milan 1951 screenplay
Bicycle Thieves 1948 screenplay
Natale al campo 119 1947 screenplay - as V. De Sica
Lost in the Dark 1947 screenplay
Peddlin' in Society 1946 screenplay - uncredited / story - uncredited
Il marito povero 1946 screenplay
La porta del cielo 1945 screenplay
L'ippocampo 1945 screenplay
I bambini ci guardano 1944 screenplay
I nostri sogni 1943 screenplay
Non sono superstizioso... ma! 1943 screenplay
La guardia del corpo 1942 screenplay
Un garibaldino al convento 1942 screenplay
Se io fossi onesto 1942 screenplay
Doctor, Beware 1941 screenplay
L'avventuriera del piano di sopra 1941 screenplay - uncredited
Maddalena... zero in condotta 1940 dialogue - uncredited

Producer

Producer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Pan, amor y Andalucía 1958 producer
Il tetto 1956 producer
Indiscretion of an American Wife 1953 producer
Hello Elephant 1952 producer
Umberto D. 1952 producer - as De Sica
Mamma mia, che impressione! 1951 producer
Miracle in Milan 1951 producer
Bicycle Thieves 1948 producer - uncredited

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Ciranda de Pedra 1981 TV Series performer: "Sono Tre Parole"
Pan, amor y Andalucía 1958 performer: "La spagnola", "Tarantella sivigliana" - uncredited
Pane, amore e..... 1955 performer: "Torna a Surriento" - uncredited
Frisky 1954 performer: "Miserere... Quel suon, quelle preci solenni" - uncredited
Hanno rapito un uomo 1938 lyrics: "Amarsi quando piove", "Canzone sospirata" - as V. De Sica / performer: "Amarsi quando piove", "Canzone sospirata"
Gli uomini, che mascalzoni... 1932 performer: "Parlami d'amore Mariù" - uncredited

Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Pan, amor y Andalucía 1958 supervisor
Fast and Sexy 1958 supervising director
L'ippocampo 1945 supervising director - uncredited

Assistant Director

Assistant Director

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Tomorrow Is Too Late 1950 artistic advisor

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Fast and Sexy 1958

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
We All Loved Each Other So Much 1974 dedicatee

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Vittorio De Sica: il regista, l'attore, l'uomo 1974 TV Movie documentary Himself
Film Night 1972 TV Series Himself
The David Frost Show 1972 TV Series Himself - Guest
Gala de l'union 1969-1971 TV Series Himself
Rom aktuell 1970 TV Series documentary Himself
The Shoes of the Fisherman 1968/II Documentary short Himself (uncredited)
Sophia: A Self-Portrait 1968 TV Movie documentary Himself
After the Fox 1966 Himself (uncredited)
Sunday Night 1966 TV Series documentary Himself
La nuit écoute 1965 TV Series short Himself
Cinéastes de notre temps 1965 TV Series documentary Himself
Here's Hollywood 1961 TV Series Himself
Orson Welles at Large: Portrait of Gina 1958 TV Short documentary Himself
Cinépanorama 1958 TV Series documentary Himself

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Belmondo par Belmondo 2016 TV Movie documentary Himself
Donne nel mito: Sophia racconta la Loren 2014 Documentary short Himself
Colpo di scena 2014 TV Series Himself
Lino Miccichè, mio padre - Una visione del mondo 2013 Documentary Himself (uncredited)
Dai nostri inviati: La Rai racconta la Mostra del cinema 1968-1979 2011 TV Movie documentary Himself
1960 2010 Documentary Himself
Pupi Avati, ieri, oggi, domani 2010
Vittorio D. 2009 Documentary Himself
Suso - Conversazioni con Margherita D'Amico 2007 Documentary Himself
Danielle Darrieux, une vie de cinéma 2007 TV Movie Himself
Marcello, una vita dolce 2006 Documentary Himself
Cineastas contra magnates 2005 Documentary Himself
Come inguaiammo il cinema italiano - La vera storia di Franco e Ciccio 2004 Documentary
Così è la vita: Vittorio De Sica 2001 TV Movie documentary Himself
Roberto Rossellini: Frammenti e battute 2000 Documentary General della Rovere
Nitrato d'argento 1996 Documentary Himself (uncredited)
Cinema Paradiso 1988 Count Prospero B. (uncredited)
My Name Is Anna Magnani 1980 Documentary Himself
Un sorriso, uno schiaffo, un bacio in bocca 1975
We All Loved Each Other So Much 1974 Himself (uncredited)
Aquarius 1974 TV Series Himself
Lionpower from MGM 1967 Short Cesare Celli (uncredited)
Lykke og krone 1962 Documentary Himself (uncredited)

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1973 European David David di Donatello Awards Una breve vacanza (1973)
1972 KCFCC Award Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best Director of a Foreign Film Il giardino dei Finzi Contini (1970)
1971 Golden Berlin Bear Berlin International Film Festival Il giardino dei Finzi Contini (1970)
1971 Interfilm Award - Otto Dibelius Film Award Berlin International Film Festival Il giardino dei Finzi Contini (1970)
1971 Interfilm Grand Prix Berlin International Film Festival
1965 David David di Donatello Awards Best Director (Migliore Regista) Matrimonio all'italiana (1964)
1963 David David di Donatello Awards Best Director (Migliore Regista) I sequestrati di Altona (1962)
1962 Blue Ribbon Award Blue Ribbon Awards Best Foreign Language Film La ciociara (1960)
1959 Golden Gate Award San Francisco International Film Festival Best Actor Il generale Della Rovere (1959)
1958 Golden Plate David di Donatello Awards Anna di Brooklyn (1958)
1957 Jussi Jussi Awards Best Foreign Director Umberto D. (1952)
1956 OCIC Award Cannes Film Festival Il tetto (1956)
1956 David David di Donatello Awards Best Actor (Migliore Attore) Pane, amore e..... (1955)
1955 Bodil Bodil Awards Best European Film (Bedste europæiske film) Umberto D. (1952)
1955 Golden Goblet Golden Goblets, Italy Best Director (Migliore Regista) L'oro di Napoli (1954)
1954 Golden Goblet Golden Goblets, Italy Best Actor (Migliore Attore) Pane, amore e fantasia (1953)
1951 Kinema Junpo Award Kinema Junpo Awards Best Foreign Language Film Ladri di biciclette (1948)
1951 Bodil Bodil Awards Best European Film (Bedste europæiske film) Ladri di biciclette (1948)
1951 Grand Prize of the Festival Cannes Film Festival Miracolo a Milano (1951)
1949 Silver Ribbon Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Director (Migliore Regia) Ladri di biciclette (1948)
1949 Silver Ribbon Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Screenplay (Migliore Sceneggiatura) Ladri di biciclette (1948) · Cesare Zavattini
· Suso Cecchi D'Amico
· Oreste Biancoli
· Adolfo Franci
· Gerardo Guerrieri
1949 Special Prize of the Jury Locarno International Film Festival Ladri di biciclette (1948)
1949 NBR Award National Board of Review, USA Best Director Ladri di biciclette (1948)
1948 Silver Ribbon Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Actor (Migliore Attore Protagonista) Cuore (1948)
1946 Silver Ribbon Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Director (Migliore Regia) Sciusci (1946)

Nominated awards

Nominated awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1965 Golden Laurel Laurel Awards Director 9th place.
1965 Grand Prix Moscow International Film Festival Matrimonio all'italiana (1964)
1964 Golden Laurel Laurel Awards Top Director 9th place.
1961 Golden Lion Venice Film Festival Il giudizio universale (1961)
1961 Palme d'Or Cannes Film Festival La ciociara (1960)
1960 Silver Ribbon Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Actor (Migliore Attore Protagonista) Il generale Della Rovere (1959)
1958 Oscar Academy Awards, USA Best Actor in a Supporting Role A Farewell to Arms (1957)
1957 Silver Ribbon Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Director (Migliore Regia) Il tetto (1956)
1956 Palme d'Or Cannes Film Festival Il tetto (1956)
1955 Palme d'Or Cannes Film Festival L'oro di Napoli (1954)
1953 Grand Prize of the Festival Cannes Film Festival Stazione Termini (1953)
1952 Grand Prize of the Festival Cannes Film Festival Umberto D. (1952)


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#Quote
1 I am basically an unhappy man. Life gives me always the impression of cruelty. I read the newspaper - crimes, murders, divorces, and so on. I do not find evidence of sincerity or solidarity there. I love humanity, I trust humanity, but humanity has a way of disillusioning me. The pictures I direct are nearly always melancholy. This comes from the contrast between my love and my disillusion. I am an optimist. I love life. I seek perfection. If my art seems pessimistic, it is a consequence of my continuing optimism and its disillusion. At least I have enthusiasm. It is necessary to all professions to have enthusiasm in order to have success.
2 There is no crisis in cinema. There are negative periods. There are times when some films are received well and others aren't. The past teaches us that some films were received badly, while others go sailing on. There are two films doing very well right now in the Italian market: One is The Leopard (1963) ("The Lepoard"), which earns seven million lire a day, and the other is "Il diavolo" ("To Bed or Not to Bed (1964)"), starring (Alberto) Sordi, which earns 3 1/2 million. So there are films that are doing very well. What I notice is that producers have been known to make errors in judgment, which have caused them to be overly daring. For example, I've been told many millions were spent, somewhere around half a billion, for a film entrusted to a young person. We must make room for young people , but with half a billion we could have made eight of Bicycle Thieves (1948) ("The Bicycle Thief"). Experimental cinema should be inexpensive cinema. Half a billion lire should be entrusted to those professionals who we can be sure will bring home the half billion spent. We should be cautious with new initiatives. Producers should be cautious. As for television as a competitor, yes, there I see a danger. Let television do television, let them do documentaries, but cinema as such should be shown on screens, because there's no one more lazy than the public. When people don't have to leave their homes, they're very happy. A film shown in the home encourages the audience not to budge.
3 [on Sophia Loren] I consider Sophia a great -- a good actress and a great personality. Because she is a Neopolitan. Like me. We are the same people, the same origin. And we feel together the same. Yes, for me, I am very happy when I work with Sophia.
4 "Bicycle Thieves" is a good picture. I like very much. But some concession to sentimentality. A little concession. "Umberto D" never. Nothing. Without compromise. But it was too early. Many pictures of mine this way. Now is a great success. Then, nothing. Oh, a little. The intelligentsia accept "Umberto D." But the audience -- no, nothing. Too early. Too early.


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