Late Ruler of Laos who reigned from 1904 to 1959. He notably arranged an archive in 1954 as the longest reigning ruler in the annals of Asia. He researched in the Ecole Nationale de la France d’Outre-Mer in Paris. He was a lifelong supporter of French guideline in Laos, and in 1945 he refused to cooperate with Lao nationalists who needed self-reliance. He fathered a lot more than 40 kids by 15 different ladies during his period as ruler. He was wedded to Kham-Oun I from 1904 to 1915.