The 19th Leader of america, he ended Reconstruction and initiated the origins of civil program reform. He opened up several rules offices in Columbus, Ohio, and Cincinnati, Ohio. His presidential election was perhaps one of the most carefully contested ever sold and led to the Bargain of 1877, where the Democrats acquiesced him the election. He subsequently decided to end all federal government army involvement in Southern politics, hence ending Reconstruction forever. His initial cousin was the creator from the Oneida Community, John Humphrey Noyes. His wife, Lucy Webb Hayes, went an alcohol-free Light House, becoming referred to as Lemonade Lucy.
Full Name Rutherford B. Hayes
Date Of Birth October 4, 1822
Died January 17, 1893, Fremont, Ohio, United States
Place Of Birth Delaware, OH
Height 1.74 m
Profession US President
Education Kenyon College, Harvard Law School, Harvard University
Spouse Lucy Hayes
Children Webb Hayes, Rutherford P. Hayes, Fanny Hayes, Scott Russell Hayes, Birchard Austin Hayes, Manning Force Hayes, Joseph Thompson Hayes, George Crook Hayes
Parents Rutherford Hayes, Sophia Birchard
Siblings Lorenzo Hayes, Sarah Sophia Hayes, Fanny Arabella Hayes, Rutherford Hayes
Although he was a Republican, Hayes chose not to play by the rules of party politics during his term. He appointed men based on merit and experience rather than personal favors. This infuriated his constituents especially when some of the men the he appointed had been Confederate soldiers.
Trying to leave a legacy on his tattered Presidency, Hayes attempted to clean up the notoriously corrupt Port of New York (which controlled 70% of the country's commercial income) by removing those who were responsible for the bribes and kickbacks. One of the individuals that Hayes removed was Chester A. Arthur who would become President of the United States within three years.
19th President of the United States (1877-1881).
Was on the U.S. House of Representatives 1865-1867.
Had a horse named Whitey who lived from 1861-1865.
Governor of Ohio 1868-1872, 1876-1877.
In the Line of Fire
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I am less disposed to think of a West Point education as requisite for this business than I was at first. Good sense and energy are the qualities required.
The independence of all political and other bother is a happiness.
Law without education is a dead letter. With education the needed law follows without effort and, of course, with power to execute itself; indeed, it seems to execute itself.
The truth is, this being errand boy to one hundred and fifty thousand people tires me so by night I am ready for bed instead of soirées.
The progress of society is mainly the improvement in the condition of the workingmen of the world.
Virtue is defined to be mediocrity, of which either extreme is vice.
The bold enterprises are the successful ones. Take counsel of hopes rather than of fears to win in this business.
To vote is like the payment of a debt, a duty never to be neglected, if its performance is possible.
Unjust attacks on public men do them more good than unmerited praise.
The unrestricted competition so commonly advocated does not leave us the survival of the fittest. The unscrupulous succeed best in accumulating wealth.
Universal suffrage is sound in principle. The radical element is right.
It is the desire of the good people of the whole country that sectionalism as a factor in our politics should disappear...
The President of the United States should strive to be always mindful of the fact that he serves his party best who serves his country best.
Universal suffrage should rest upon universal education. To this end, liberal and permanent provision should be made for the support of free schools by the State governments, and, if need be, supplemented by legitimate aid from national authority.
We are in a period when old questions are settled and the new are not yet brought forward. Extreme party action, if continued in such a time, would ruin the party. Moderation is its only chance. The party out of power gains by all partisan conduct of those in power.
I am a radical in thought (and principle) and a conservative in method (and conduct).
No person connected with me by blood or marriage will be appointed to office.
Do not let your bachelor ways crystallize so that you can't soften them when you come to have a wife and a family of your own.
Must swear off from swearing. Bad habit.
Conscience is the authentic voice of God to you.
Wars will remain while human nature remains. I believe in my soul in cooperation, in arbitration; but the soldier's occupation we cannot say is gone until human nature is gone.
Let every man, every corporation, and especially let every village, town, and city, every county and State, get out of debt and keep out of debt. It is the debtor that is ruined by hard times.
One of the tests of the civilization of people is the treatment of its criminals.
The filth and noise of the crowded streets soon destroy the elasticity of health which belongs to the country boy.
In avoiding the appearance of evil, I am not sure but I have sometimes unnecessarily deprived myself and others of innocent enjoyments.
He serves his party best who serves his country best.
I am not liked as a President by the politicians in office, in the press, or in Congress. But I am content to abide the judgment the sober second thought of the people.
As friends go it is less important to live.
The Presidential mania makes mad every man who is at all prominent in Washington. It never seemed to me worth the cost of self-respect, of independence.