German chemist who received the Stalin Prize for his focus on the Soviet atomic bomb task. He made essential developments with regards to the usage of uranium and plutonium. He examined at various colleges from 1919 to 1923, and gained his doctorate under Richard Adolf Zsigmondy in 1923. He became the movie director of East Berlin’s Institute of Physical Chemistry in 1956. His family members originated from Schweidnitz. He was a German scientist like Albert Einstein.