African-American politician who kept office being a United States Consultant from Illinois through the past due 1920s and early 1930s. He inserted politics by using Chicago’s politics machine; his abilities were deemed ideal for protecting votes from many African-American wards. He famously informed an Alabama senator the fact that senator had not been big enough to avoid him from eating within the Senate cafe. His dad was area of the Exodus motion to greatly help blacks within the southern expresses find freedom within the North. While offering in the Chicago Town Council, he was indicted for problem. By using his attorney, Clarence Darrow, he fought from the charges.