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Osamu Tezuka

Biography

Japanese cartoonist best for his contributions to Anime, including Kimba the Light Lion and Metropolis. He spent his youngsters attending productions on the Takarazuka Theater with his mom. He was once dubbed the “Godfather of Anime.” He was the oldest of three kids. He was broadly regarded as japan version from the famous American animator Walt Disney.

Quick Facts


Full Name Osamu Tezuka
Date Of Birth November 3, 1928
Died February 9, 1989, Kōjimachi, Tokyo, Japan
Place Of Birth Toyonaka, Japan
Profession Cartoonist
Education Nara Medical University, Osaka University
Nationality Japanese
Spouse Etsuko Tezuka, Etsuko Tezuka
Children Macoto Tezuka, Rumiko Tezuka, Chiiko Tezuka
Parents Yutaka Tezuka, Fumiko Tezuka
Siblings Hiro Tezuka, Minako Uto
Awards Kodansha Manga Award, Nihon SF Taisho Award, Order of the Sacred Treasure, Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame, Eisner Award, Shogakukan Manga Award: General, Bungeishunju Manga Award
Movies Astro Boy, A Thousand and One Nights, Jungle Emperor Leo, Phoenix 2772, Bagi, the Monster of Mighty Nature, Alakazam the Great, Fumoon, Metropolis, Legend of the Forest, Cleopatra, Undersea Super Train: Marine Express, Broken Down Film, Ravex in Tezuka World, Buddha: The Great Departure, Astro Boy: Mighty Atom - Visitor of 100,000 Light Years, IGZA, Pictures at an Exhibition, Tales of the Street Corner, One Million-Year Trip: Bandar Book, Bremen 4: Angels in Hell, THE FANTASTIC ADVENTURES OF UNICO, Jumping, Galaxy Investigation 2100: Border Planet, Black Jack: The Movie, Sleeping Bride, Muramasa, Dororo, Twelve Months, MW, Sukeban Deka the Movie 2: Counter-Attack from the Kazama Sisters, Sukeban Deka The Movie, Tales of the Unusual, The Astonishing Work of Tezuka Osamu, Animated Self-Portraits, The Green Cat, Mermaid, Push, Drop, Adachi-ga Hara, Akuemon, Hinotori, Genesis, Memory, Male, Remake of Astro Boy, Astro Boy: Greatest Astro Adventures, Arabian Nights: Sinbad's Adventures, Rain Boy, Self Portrait
TV Shows Kimba the White Lion, Blue Blink, Goku no Daiboken, Leo the Lion, In the Beginning: The Bible Stories, Astro Boy, Galaxy Boy Troop, Triton of the Sea, Marvelous Melmo
Star Sign Scorpio

  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

#Fact
1His mother often comforted him by telling him to look to the blue skies, giving him confidence.
2He came to the realization that he could use manga as a means of helping to convince people to care for the world.
3Tezuka is a descendant of Hattori Hanzo, a famous ninja and samurai.
4When he was younger, Tezuka's arms swelled up and he became ill. He was treated and cured by a doctor, which made him want to be a doctor. However, he began his career as a manga artist while a university student, drawing his first professional work while at school. At a crossing point, he asked his mother whether he should look into doing manga full-time or whether he should become a doctor (at the time, being a manga author was not a particularly rewarding job). The answer his mother gave was: "You should work doing the thing you like most of all." Tezuka decided to devote himself to manga creation on a full-time basis. He graduated from Osaka University and obtained his medical degree, but he would later use his medical and scientific knowledge to enrich his sci-fi manga, such as Black Jack.
5His childhood nickname was "gashagasha-atama", or "messy head" ("gashagasha" is slang for "messy" and "atama" means "head").
6Tezuka grew up in Takarazuka City, Hyogo and his mother often took him to the Takarazuka Theatre. The Takarazuka Revue is performed by women, including the male characters. The Takarazuka Revue is known for its romantic musicals usually aimed at a female audience, thus having a large impact on the later works of Tezuka, including his costuming designs.
7In January 1965, Tezuka received a letter from American film director Stanley Kubrick; Kubrick had watched Astroboy (1963) and wanted to invite Tezuka to be the art director of his next movie, 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). Tezuka could not afford to leave his studio for a year to live in England, so he refused. Although he could not work on it, he loved the film, and would play its soundtrack at maximum volume in his studio to keep him awake during long nights of work.
8He cites cartoonist Walt Disney and the 1930 graphic novel "He Done Her Wrong" as a major influence on his work.
9In his childhood he kept a ground beetle named "Osamushi". He later made this name his pen name.
10He was a fan of the American comic book superhero Superman, and was made honorable chairman of the Superman Fan Club in Japan on October 6 1983.
11Liked to make cameos in his manga.
12His hobbies were bug collecting, entomology, Walt Disney and baseball.
13The Disney film The Lion King (1994) came under controversy for being inspired by Tezuka's tale "Kimba the White Lion", about a young lion who grows into a mature ruler.
14Was an avid baseball fan, and licensed the "grown up" version of his character Kimba the White Lion as the logo for the Seibu Lions of the Nippon Professional Baseball League.
15An incredibly prolific (and fast) artist, he was known to draw as many as ten pages of artwork in a single day.
16He was accused of racism after drawing blacks in sterotypical fashion, but insisted that he was only continuing the styles he saw in American comics and films. This point has often been a source of constant soul-searching among Tezuka's publishers, especially in the USA. As of 2003, Dark Horse has begun to publish Tezuka's manga wholly unedited in the US, adding a disclaimer that states that while Tezuka held no racism himself, his artwork was a product of its time, and that further that it would be wrong to retroactively change his works without his input.
17During his lifetime, over-zealous Japanese fans called him "The god of Japanese comics".
18During the US occupation of Japan after World War 2, he sold pin-up drawings of women to US troops, often trading his artwork for military rations.
19He graduated in 1960 from the Medical University of Nara (Japan) with a dissertation about the membrane structure of sea nails.
20Father of Macoto Tezuka.
21Gave guidance to many known cartoonists such as Shôtarô Ishinomori and Gô Nagai.


Writer

Writer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Kimba the White Lion: Symphonic Poem1991story
New Adventures of Kimba the White Lion1989TV Series comic
Tezuka Osamu monogatari: Boku wa Son Goku1989TV Movie comic
Aoi Blink1989TV Series writer
Self Portrait1988/IShort
Legend of the Forest1987Video short
Hi no Tori: Uchuu Hen1987Video manga
Hi no Tori: Yamato-hen1987Video manga
Muramasa1987Short
Space 19861986
Hi no tori: Hôô hen1986comic
Ginga Tansa Nisenhyaku-nen: Border Planet1986TV Movie
Yamataro Kaeru1986Video short manga
Broken Down Film1985Short
Akuma Shima no prince: Mittsu-me ga tooru1985TV Movie comic
Run wa kaze no naka1985Video short manga
Taishizen no makemono Bagi1984TV Movie
Jumping1984Short screenplay
Midori no neko1983Video short manga
Uniko: Mahô no shima e1983comic
Don Dorakyura1982TV Series comic
Bremen 4: Jigoku no naka no tenshi-tachi1981TV Movie
Unico1981original story
Astroboy1980TV Series characters / screenplay
Fumoon1980TV Movie
Hi no tori 2772: Ai no kosumozon1980screenplay / story
Spaceketeers1979TV Series writer
Kaitei choutokkyuu marin ekusupuresu1979TV Movie story
Umi no Triton1979comic
Unico: Black Cloud White Feather1979TV Movie
Dawn 19781978writer
One Million-Year Trip: Bandar Book1978TV Movie
Hi no tori1978story
Hitomi no naka no houmonsha1977manga
Wansa-kun1973TV Series creator
Umi no Toriton1972TV Series original story
Cleopatra: Queen of Sex1970idea and story
Sen'ya ichiya monogatari1969writer
Banpaiya1968TV Series based on the ideas of
Genesis1968Short
Choppy and the Princess1967-1968TV Series creator - 52 episodes
Goku no daiboken1967TV Series
Tenrankai no e1966Short scenario
Leo the Lion1966TV Series creator
Maguma taishi1966TV Series creator
Son Goku ga hajimaru yo kofudaio no maki1966TV Movie creator
Shizuku1965Short uncredited
Wandâ surî1965TV Series comic - 2 episodes
Kimba the White Lion1965TV Series
Memory1964Short uncredited
Tetsuwan Atom: Uchû no yûsha1964comic
Ningyo1964Short uncredited
AstroboyTV Series framework - 1 episode, 1963 original story - 1 episode, 1963 screenplay - 1 episode, 1963
Tetsuwan atomu1963TV Series comic
Story of a Certain Street Corner1962Short
Arabian naito: Shindobaddo no bôken1962screenplay
Saiyûki1960comic "Boku no Son Gokû" / screen story
Atom the Beginning2017TV Mini-Series manga post-production
Yangu burakku jakku2015TV Series original concept
Toire no Pieta2015essay
Buddha 2: Tezuka Osamu no Budda - Owarinaki tabi2014manga
Hidamari no ki2012TV Series manga - 2 episodes
Ningen konchûki2011TV Series manga - 7 episodes
Tezuka Osamu no budda: Akai sabaku yo! Utsukushiku2011manga
Yangu Burakku Jakku2011TV Movie manga
Astro Boy2009manga
MW2009based on the cartoons by
MW: Dai 0 shô akuma no gêmu2009TV Movie manga
Dororo2007comic
Black Jack: Futari no kuroi isha2005manga
Blood Will Tell: Tezuka Osamu's Dororo2004Video Game story - as Tezuka Osamu
Hi no tori2004TV Series creator
Astro Boy2003TV Series comic / creator
Black Jack III2001TV Movie novel
Metropolis2001comic book
Garasu no Chikyuu o Sukue' Unico Tokubetsuhen2001Short character
Black Jack II2000TV Movie comic
Tezuka Osamu gekijou2000TV Movie manga
Hidamari no ki2000TV Series manga
Black Jack2000TV Movie comic
Garasu no nô1999graphic novel
Jungle Emperor Leo1997story
Black Jack 2: Pinoko ai shiteru1996comic
Black Jack: The Movie1996comic / story
Kimba the White Lion1994TV Series creator
Akuemon1993Short writer
Black Jack1993TV Mini-Series
Maguma taishi1993Video short story
Mitsume ga tooru1992Video Game
Adachi-Ga-Hara1991Short

Director

Director

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Tezuka: The Experimental Films2006Video
Animated Self-Portraits1989Short
Aoi Blink1989TV Series
Self Portrait1988/IShort
Legend of the Forest1987Video short
Push1987Short
Muramasa1987Short
Ginga Tansa Nisenhyaku-nen: Border Planet1986TV Movie
Yamataro Kaeru1986Video short
Broken Down Film1985Short
Run wa kaze no naka1985Video short
Taishizen no makemono Bagi1984TV Movie
Jumping1984Short
Amefuri Kozou1983Video short
Midori no neko1983Video short
Bremen 4: Jigoku no naka no tenshi-tachi1981TV Movie
Unico1981
Astroboy1980TV Series
Fushigi na Melmo1971TV Series
Cleopatra: Queen of Sex1970
Genesis1968Short
Choppy and the Princess1967TV Series 2 episodes
Tenrankai no e1966Short
Leo the Lion1966TV Series
Shizuku1965Short uncredited
Wandâ surî1965TV Series 2 episodes
Memory1964Short uncredited
Ningyo1964Short uncredited
Astroboy1963TV Series 9 episodes
Tetsuwan atomu1963TV Series 1 episode
Saiyûki1960credit only

Animation Department

Animation Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Black Jack: The Movie1996original character design
Black Jack1993TV Mini-Series original character designer
New Adventures of Kimba the White Lion1989TV Series character designer
Tezuka Osamu monogatari: Boku wa Son Goku1989TV Movie character designer
Push1987Short animator
Taishizen no makemono Bagi1984TV Movie animation director / animator
Bremen 4: Jigoku no naka no tenshi-tachi1981TV Movie character designer / key animator
Hi no tori 2772: Ai no kosumozon1980key animator
One Million-Year Trip: Bandar Book1978TV Movie animator
Hi no tori1978animation director
Shizuku1965Short animator
Saiyûki1960animator

Producer

Producer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Fumoon1980TV Movie executive producer
Hi no tori 2772: Ai no kosumozon1980producer
Kanashimi no Beradonna1973producer
Sen'ya ichiya monogatari1969executive producer
Genesis1968Short executive producer
Tenrankai no e1966Short producer
Leo the Lion1966TV Series producer
Tabako to hai1965Short producer
Kimba the White Lion1965TV Series producer
Osu1962Short producer
Story of a Certain Street Corner1962Short producer

Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Wonder Beat S1986TV Series planning director - 1986
Sen'ya ichiya monogatari1969general supervisor
Story of a Certain Street Corner1962Short planning and organization

Art Department

Art Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Push1987Short storyboard artist
Astroboy1980TV Series storyboard artist
Astroboy1963TV Series main character design - 1 episode

Production Designer

Production Designer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Shizuku1965Short
Memory1964Short uncredited
Ningyo1964Short uncredited

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Astroboy1980TV Series lyrics: "Mirai ni Mukatte - New Tetsuwan Atom" Ending song 1
Cleopatra: Queen of Sex1970lyrics: "Guerrilla no uta" - as Kahei Nô

Editor

Editor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Astroboy1963TV Series

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Bremen 4: Jigoku no naka no tenshi-tachi1981TV Movie theme song lyrics by

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Bird of Steel!special thanks filming
Princess Mononoke1997dedicatee

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Banpaiya1968TV SeriesHimself
Doyô danwashitsu1964TV SeriesHimself

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Tanken bakumon2013TV SeriesHimself
Kaikin! Bakuro Night2012TV Mini-SeriesHimself
Premium 102009TV Series documentaryHimself
Kyôiku terebi no gyakushû: Yomigaeru kyoshô no kotoba2009TV MovieHimself

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1997Mainichi Film ConcoursMainichi Film ConcoursBest Animated FilmBurakku jakku (1996)
1990Winsor McCay AwardAnnie Awards
1990Special MentionKrakow Film FestivalAnimated Self-Portraits (1989)· Jan Svankmajer
· Candy Kugel
1988Ofuji Noburo AwardMainichi Film ConcoursMori no densetsu (1987)
1985Grand PrixHiroshima International Animation FestivalBroken Down Film (1985)
1984Grand PrizeZagreb World Festival of Animated FilmsJumping (1984)
1967Best Animated FilmAsia-Pacific Film FestivalTenrankai no e (1966)
1967Ofuji Noburo AwardMainichi Film ConcoursTenrankai no e (1966)
1964Ofuji Noburo AwardMainichi Film ConcoursAru machikado no monogatari (1962)


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#Trademark
1He uses child-like artwork in conjunction/contrast to his often dramatic and tragic tales.
2He often uses rebirth as a plot element in his stories.
3He developed the distinctive "large eyes" characteristic of Japanese animation.
4Loves reusing a character and have he or she portray a different role in a different story.
5Wore thick glasses and often sported a black beret.


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