Bolshevik groundbreaking and among the 1st members from the Politburo who was simply one of the most prominent victims from the “Moscow Tests” from the past due 30’s. He developed the thesis of “Socialism in a single Condition”, which later on would become among the main cornerstones of Stalinism. While in NEW YORK in 1916, he edited the newspapers Novy Mir with Leon Trotsky. Following the Oct trend, he acted as the editor from the party newspapers Pravda. His wife, Anna Larina, was delivered to a labor camp after he was carried out. Joseph Stalin, feeling threatened by his older comrade, purchased his execution after a display trial.