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Mustafa Kemal Ataturk


Initial president of Turkey from 1923 to 1938 who was simply an absolute strategist in the war for Turkey’s independence and helped found the Republic of Turkey in its aftermath. He changed Turkey right into a secular democratic nation-state, set up new academic institutions, and gave females equal civil privileges. He offered in the Turkish military and fought in the Italo-Turkish Battle in 1911. His second name, Kemal, means ‘Excellence of Maturity” and his surname “Ataturk” means “Dad from the Turks”. He followed thirteen kids and wedded his wife Latife Ussaki in 1923. During Adolf Hitler’s control of the Rhineland, Ataturk could gain control over waterways referred to as the Straits.

Quick Facts

Full Name Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Date Of Birth May 19, 1881
Died November 10, 1938, Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul, Turkey
Place Of Birth Thessaloniki, Greece
Height 1.74 m
Profession Politician
Education Ottoman Military College, Turkish Military Academy, Semsi Efendi School, Monastir Military High School
Nationality Turkish, Ottoman
Spouse Latife Uşşaki
Children Afet Inan, Nebile Irdelp, Rukiye Erkin, Mustafa Demir, Zehra Aylin
Parents Zübeyde Hanim, Ali Riza Efendi
Siblings Makbule Atadan, Naciye, Ahmet, Ömer, Fatma
Awards Medal of Independence, Iron Cross, Gallipoli Star, Liakat Medal, Imtiyaz Medal, Military Merit Medal, Military Merit Cross
Star Sign Taurus

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1Had a fondness of raki, the national drink of Turkey. He was known to be a heavy drinker and hard-worker. This contributed to his death in 1937. Ismet Inonu, his successor, gave him a posthumous personality cult. It still remains despite his party's disappearance from Turkey's political map.
2Mother, Zubeyde Hanim (born 1862; died 1923). His relationship with her turned sour after she married again (his father died when young Ataturk was seven). He was known to be rude to her and his step-father. They lost touch with each other. Zubeyde was commemorated on a stamp marking Mother's Day in 1956.
3He is buried in Ankara, in Kemal Ataturk Mausoleum. He is still loved by many Turks almost seventy years after he died, and over one-hundred-and-twenty years since he was born.
4On November 10, all Turkish flags are at half-mast, as Ataturk died on that day.
5He enforced the new Turkish alphabet in 1928. It was one of the biggest changes in any alphabet (Turkish was previously written in Arab script, know as Ottoman). The letter o-umlaut allegedly came from Swedish, u-umlaut from German, s-cedilla from Romanian, c-cedilla from French, and the g-breve was introduced with the new alphabet.

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

Apocalypse: World War I2014TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
The First World War2003TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
Atatürk: Founder of Modern Turkey1999DocumentaryHimself
Sari zeybek1993TV Movie documentaryHimself
Demirkirat: Bir Demokrasinin Dogusu1991TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
Dag Basini Duman Almis1964Himself (uncredited)
The Twentieth Century1959TV Series documentaryHimself
Kore'de Türk süngüsü1951DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Turkey Mourns Kemal Ataturk1938ShortHimself

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1There are two Mustafa Kemals. One the flesh-and-blood Mustafa Kemal who now stands before you and who will pass away. The other is you, all of you here who will go to the far corners of our land to spread the ideals which must be defended with your lives if necessary. I stand for the nation's dreams, and my life's work is to make them come true.
2We must liberate our concepts of justice, our laws and legal institutions from the bonds which hold a tight grip on us although they are incompatible with the needs of our century.
3Sovereignty belongs unconditionally to the people.
4This nation has never lived without independence. We cannot and shall not live without it. Either independence or death.
5In order to raise our new Turkey to the level that she is worthy of, we must, under all circumstances, attach the highest importance to the national economy.
6The major challenge facing us is to elevate our national life to the highest level of civilization and prosperity.
7Mankind is a single body and each nation a part of that body. We must never say, "What does it matter to me if some part of the world is ailing?" If there is such an illness, we must concern ourselves with it as though we were having that illness.
8We shall make the expansion and rise of Turkish culture in every era the mainstay of the Republic.
9The government's most creative and significant duty is education.
10Everything we see in the world is the creative work of women.
11The cornerstone of education is an easy system of reading and writing. The key to this is the new Turkish alphabet based on the Latin script.

1His personality cult
2The massive reforms he enacted during his tenure as President of Turkey

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