German pioneer of contemporary dance whose profession led to the introduction of expressionist dance and dance therapy. Her design has thought to have been extremely existential and offered being a catharsis on her behalf internal challenges. She opened up her expressionist college of dance– known as both Dresden Central College as well as the Mary Wigman-Schule– in 1920. She was an early on advocate of dance schooling without pointe sneakers, and she was also acknowledged among the initial dancer/choreographers to infuse her use philosophical and existential designs. She was created in Hanover, Germany, and she passed away in Western world Berlin. She and American dancer/choreographer, Isadora Duncan, had been both pioneers of contemporary dance.