Legally blind jazz and bossa nova artist who read music in Braille. His initial LP was entitled Bossa Nova, Nova Bossa and premiered in 1963. He performed with such significant groupings as Béla Fleck as well as the Flecktones and started collaborating with musician Sérgio Mendes through the 1970s. His wife was composer Lili Fest and his boy guitarist Phil Fest. He was motivated as a man with the jazz artistry of Costs Evans and George Shearing.