Three-time Academy Award co-winner for The Ruler and We from 1956, Southern Pacific from 1958, and Porgy and Bess from 1959. His choral group, The Ken Darby Performers, provided the back-up vocals for Bing Crosby’s primary 1942 White Xmas recording. He supplied the vocals for the Mayor of Munchkinland within the traditional The Wizard of Oz from 1939. He composed The Brownstone Home of Nero Wolfe in 1983 as an outgrowth of his interest for writer Rex Stout’s renowned detective. He agreed upon over the privileges for composition towards the Elvis Presley strike “Like Me Sensitive” to his wife Vera Matson. He was Marilyn Monroe’s vocal trainer on Gentlemen Prefer Blondes from 1953 and THERE IS NO Business Like Present Business from 1954.