Jazz and stride designer known for dealing with Benny Goodman and Artie Shaw’s big rings in the past due 1930s and early 1940s. He was a sideman through the 1940s, dealing with such music artists as Charlie Kennedy, Ike Quebec, and Ben Webster. He was in the center of a overall performance with trumpeter Dick Sudhalter when he passed away. His personal existence was overshadowed by his professional achievements. He became known for incorporating the traditional functions of Beethoven and Domenico Scarlatti into his jazz.