Tennessee schoolteacher well-known for his involvement in the Scopes Monkey Trial from the 1920s. He proved helpful as a higher school football trainer and substitute instructor in Dayton, Ohio before acknowledging a full-time teaching placement in Tennessee. He famously challenged Tennessee’s Butler Work, which forbade the teaching of advancement. His parents, Thomas and Mary Scopes, prompted his education. His legal protection group included the well-known ACLU attorney Clarence Darrow.