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John Steinbeck

Biography

American author famous for his novels The Grapes of Wrath, East of Eden, and Of Mice and Guys. He won both Pulitzer and Nobel Awards for his function. He was raised in central California and went to Stanford University for quite some time. He later came back to California pursuing failed tries at writing careers in NY and worked being a tour direct and caretaker in a seafood hatchery in Tahoe Town. He composed many books about American lifestyle, including Of Mice and Guys, East of Eden, and Cannery Row. He was created to John Ernst Steinbeck and Olive Hamilton. He was wedded 3 x. His longest relationship, to Elaine Scott, lasted until his loss of life. Steinbeck acquired two sons, Thomas and John IV. Henry Fonda starred within the movie version of Steinbeck’s well-known book, The Grapes of Wrath.

Quick Facts


Full Name John Steinbeck
Date Of Birth February 27, 1902
Died December 20, 1968, New York City, New York, United States
Place Of Birth Salinas, CA
Height 1.83 m
Profession Novelist
Education Stanford University, Salinas High School
Nationality American
Spouse Elaine Anderson Steinbeck, Gwyndolyn Conger, Carol Henning
Children Thomas Steinbeck, John Steinbeck IV
Parents Olive Hamilton, John Ernst Steinbeck
Siblings Esther Steinbeck Rodgers, Mary Steinbeck Dekker, Elizabeth Steinbeck Ainsworth
Awards Nobel Prize in Literature, New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for Best American Play, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Presidential Medal of Freedom, National Book Award for Fiction
Nominations Academy Award for Best Story, Academy Award for Best Story and Screenplay, Drama League Award for Outstanding Revival of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Play
Movies Viva Zapata!, The Grapes of Wrath, East of Eden, The Forgotten Village, Lifeboat, Of Mice and Men, The Wayward Bus, The Pearl, In Dubious Battle, A Medal for Benny, The Moon Is Down, The Red Pony, Tortilla Flat, Cannery Row, O. Henry's Full House, Topoli, Best Laid Plans, The Winter of Our Discontent, Ondu Muttina Kathe, Light's Diamond Jubilee
Star Sign Pisces

  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

#Fact
1Through his ancestors John Rolfe and Mary Sculliard is a seventh cousin twice removed of Barack Obama.
2The stage version for "Of Mice and Men" was awarded the 1977 Joseph Jefferson Citation for Play Production at the Wisdom Bridge Theatre in Chicago, Illinois.
3One of the few Nobel laureates for literature to be nominated for an Academy Award for writing. Steinbeck was nominated three times for Lifeboat (1944), A Medal for Benny (1945) (with Jack Wagner) and Viva Zapata! (1952). Other Oscar-nominated Nobel laureates include George Bernard Shaw, who won an Oscar for Pygmalion (1938), as well as Jean-Paul Sartre and Harold Pinter.
4Was denied a military commission during World War II due to his left-wing politics. His future collaborator, Elia Kazan, similarly was turned down during the war due to his own political beliefs. Both served the war effort in a civilian capacity, Steinbeck as a journalist and propagandist.
5Steinbeck, a noted liberal whom the government suspected was a member of the Communist Party, was outraged by what he regarded as director Alfred Hitchcock's racism as manifested in his condescension towards the George 'Joe' Spencer character played by Canada Lee in Lifeboat (1944).
6Two sons with 2nd wife: Thom and John IV. Only Thom survives as of this writing (June 2005). He has recently published a book of short-stories, and is said to be working on a novel.
7Steinbeck, one of the seminal American authors of the 20th century, was humiliated when the N.Y. Times excoriated the Swedish Academy for naming him the winner of the Nobel Prize Literature for 1962, saying there were more deserving writers to honor. Humble and blunt, when asked whether he deserved it at his press conference after receiving the news of the prize, he answered, "No." The criticism that he was undeserving of literature's greatest prize was soon picked up by the American literati, further compounding the wound. While Steinbeck had been enormously popular in his home country, penning four #1 best sellers, his critical reputation had sagged since the mid-1940s. However, he had remained a highly respected author outside the U.S., particularly among those who enjoyed his harsh critique of American materialism, although he was bewildered by foreign fans who still believed that the U.S. was the Depression-era America he had described in the 1930s. He was particularly beloved by Scandinavians for his WWII novella "The Moon is Down," a 1942 propaganda piece about the Norwegian resistance. In fact, so high was his esteem, he was singled out for extra-special treatment during the Stockholm ceremonies. Though that pleased him, he remained bitter about the criticism his fellow Americans had put him through until the end of his life.
8According to his biographer Jay Parini and the New York Times, Steinbeck in the mid-1990s was the most popular deceased American writer, with 750,00 copies of his works selling annually. His popularity has not diminished over the years but has rather increased, particularly after Oprah Winfrey made his "East of Eden" the first selection of her revived book club in 2003. The book immediately became the #2 bestseller on amazon.com, and Steinbeck's publisher, Penguin Group USA, printed 600,000 new copies. Normally, the book sells fewer than 50,000 copies annually. It is a remarkable phenomenon considering that the book originally was a #1 best seller when it was published in 1952!.
9His novella "Sweet Thursday," a sequel to his classic "Cannery Row," is based on the original book he wrote for the 1955 Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein musical, "Pipe Dream." Although it won five 1956 Tony Awards, including Best Musical, and ran for 246 performances, "Pipe Dreams" is considered one of their least successful shows, just as the book itself is considered one of Steinbeck's weaker works. "Sweet Thursday" also serves as the basis for David S. Ward's film Cannery Row (1982), as the story, plot, and characters rely more on the former rather than the latter.
10Born at 3:00pm-PST.


Writer

Writer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Log from the Sea of Cortezbook announced
In Dubious Battle2016novel
The Grapes of Wrath: We Shall Overcome2015Documentary novel
Of Mice and Men2014
The Pearl2001novel "The Pearl"
Of Mice and Men1992novel "Of Mice and Men"
American Playhouse1991TV Series novel "The Grapes of Wrath" - 1 episode
The Winter of Our Discontent1983TV Movie novel "The Winter of Our Discontent"
Cannery Row1982novels "Cannery Row" and "Sweet Thursday"
Of Mice and Men1981TV Movie novel "Of Mice and Men"
East of Eden1981TV Mini-Series novel - 3 episodes
Hiiriä ja ihmisiä1977TV Movie novel "Of Mice and Men"
Möss och människor1977TV Movie novel "Of Mice and Men"
Anthropoi kai pontikia1977TV Movie novel "Of Mice and Men"
Fareler ve insanlar1975TV Movie novel "Of Mice and Men"
The Red Pony1973TV Movie novel "The Red Pony"
Topoli1972novel "Of Mice and Men"
Des souris et des hommes1971TV Movie novel "Of Mice and Men"
The Harness1971TV Movie story
Von Mäusen und Menschen1968TV Movie novel "Of Mice and Men"
Of Mice and Men1968TV Movie novel "Of Mice and Men"
TV de VanguardaTV Series novel - 2 episodes, 1953 - 1963 story - 1 episode, 1954
Helmi1962TV Movie novel
Ikimize bir dünya1962novel "Of Mice and Men"
The Robert Herridge Theater1960TV Series story - 1 episode
Play of the Week1959TV Series play "Burning Bright" - 1 episode
Matinee Theatre1957TV Series novel - 1 episode
The Wayward Bus1957novel "The Wayward Bus"
Livsflammen1957TV Movie
Grande Teatro Tupi1957TV Series novel - 1 episode
Studio One in Hollywood1956TV Series story - 1 episode
East of Eden1955novel "East of Eden"
Lux Video Theatre1954TV Series story - 1 episode
Light's Diamond Jubilee1954TV Movie documentary story
Omnibus1954TV Series story - 3 episodes
Curtain Call1952TV Series story - 1 episode
Viva Zapata!1952
Nash Airflyte Theatre1950TV Series story - 1 episode
The Red Pony1949by / screen play
The Pearl1947original story
The Pearl1947novella "The Pearl" / original story / screenplay
A Medal for Benny1945story
Lifeboat1944by
The Moon Is Down1943novel "The Moon Is Down"
Tortilla Flat1942based on the book by
The Forgotten Village1941Documentary screenplay / story
The Grapes of Wrath1940based on the novel by
Of Mice and Men1939by

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
O. Henry's Full House1952Narration By

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Skids2016Short dedicatee
Der Rattenkönig2002TV Movie special thanks: muse

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
World in Action1968TV Series documentaryHimself
ABC Close-Up!1961TV Series documentaryHimself

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Grapes of Wrath: We Shall Overcome2015DocumentaryHimself
East of Eden: Art in Search of Life2005Video documentary shortHimself
Biography1999TV Series documentaryHimself

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1962Nobel Prize in LiteratureNobel Prize

"for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen ... More

Nominated awards

Nominated awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1953OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Writing, Story and ScreenplayViva Zapata! (1952)
1946OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Writing, Original StoryA Medal for Benny (1945)· Jack Wagner
1945OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Writing, Original StoryLifeboat (1944)

TitleSalary
The Grapes of Wrath (1940)$75,000 (film rights)

#Quote
1I've seen a look in dogs' eyes, a quick vanishing look of amazed contempt, and I am convinced that basically dogs think humans are nuts.
2We spend our time searching for security and hate it when we get it.
3Give a critic an inch, he'll write a play.
4It seems to me that if you or I must choose between two courses of thought or action, we should remember our dying and try so to live that our death brings no pleasure on the world.
5It is a common experience that a problem, difficult at night, is resolved in the morning after the committee of sleep has worked on it.
6[advice to his young son] There are several kinds of love. One is a selfish, mean, grasping, egotistical thing which uses love for self-importance. This is the ugly and crippling kind. The other is an outpouring of everything good in you - of kindness and consideration and respect - not only the social respect of manners but the greater respect which is recognition of another person as unique and valuable. The first kind can make you sick and small and weak, but the second can release in you strength and courage and goodness, and even wisdom you didn't know you had.
7The profession of book writing makes horse racing seem like a solid stable business.
8I have never smuggled anything in my life. Why then do I feel an uneasy sense of guilt on approaching a customs barrier?
9It has always been my private conviction that any man who puts his intelligence up against a fish and loses had it coming.
10Man is the only kind of varmint sets his own trap, baits it, and then steps in it.
11A man on a horse is spiritually, as well as physically, bigger than a man on foot.


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