An American novelist, essayist, and professor, he’s most widely known for his 1971 novel, Grendel, which retells the myth of Beowulf in the monster’s perspective. His various other works consist of Nickel Hill: A Pastoral Book (1973) and Oct Light (1976). He graduated from Washington School in St. Louis in 1955 and eventually received his Ph.D. in the School of Iowa. He afterwards worked being a Recognized Visiting Professor on the School of Detroit. His book, October Light, gained the National Reserve Critics Circle Prize. He was raised in Batavia, NY as the kid of an British teacher along with a dairy products farmer. In 1953, he wedded Joan Louise Patterson. Raymond Carver was once students of Gardner’s.