Scottish chemist who was simply the 1st do find that gases can change to liquid at extremely low temperatures. The Dewar flask, an insulating storage space vessel, is known as after him. He started study at Cambridge University or college in England. Not really restricting himself to theory, he in fact built a useful gadget that yielded quite a lot of water oxygen to confirm his hypothesis. He spent his teenage years an orphan, shedding both his parents at age group 15. For his pioneering analysis, he was among the initial recipients from the Benjamin Franklin Medal, honored to researchers of differentiation. Guglielmo Marconi earned it the entire year before James do.