Served as a co-employee justice from the U.S. Supreme Courtroom from 1890 to 1906. He graduated from Yale University in 1856. He was most widely known for authoring the 1896 decision within the Plessy v. Ferguson case, which ruled that racial segregation in public areas services was constitutional beneath the “distinct but similar” doctrine. He wedded Caroline Pitts in 1864. He was nominated towards the Supreme Courtroom by Leader Benjamin Harrison.