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Helen Hayes

Biography

Actress that has been acclaimed seeing that The First Female of American Theater. She became among the first visitors to earn an EGOT, which can be an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony Award. She produced her stage debut at Washington’s Belasco Theater as a vocalist at age five. Her initial audio film was The Sin of Madelon Claudet. Her parents are Catherine Estelle and Francis truck Arnum Dark brown. She and Female Parrot Johnson founded the Country wide Wildflower Research Middle.

Quick Facts


Date Of Birth October 10, 1900
Died March 17, 1993, Nyack, New York, United States
Place Of Birth Washington, DC
Height 1.52 m
Profession Movie Actress
Education Academy of the Holy Cross
Nationality American
Children James MacArthur, Mary MacArthur
Parents Francis van Arnum Brown, Catherine Estelle Hayes
Awards Academy Award for Best Actress, Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role, Kennedy Center Honors, Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in a Play, The Helen Hayes Tribute, sponsored by Jaylee Mead, Special Tony Award, Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album, Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Performance, Primetime Emmy Award for Best Actress, Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Performances, Outer Critics Circle Award for Special Citations
Movies The Sin of Madelon Claudet, A Farewell to Arms, Anastasia, Herbie Rides Again, Murder with Mirrors, Arrowsmith, Airport, Candleshoe, One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing, My Son John, The White Sister, A Caribbean Mystery, A Family Upside Down, Vanessa: Her Love Story, Night Flight, Stage Door Canteen, Victory at Entebbe, What Every Woman Knows, Do Not Fold, Spindle or Mutilate, The Son-Daughter, Another Language, Agatha Christie Classic Mystery Collection: Murder Is Easy, The Ten-Year Lunch, The Moneychangers, The Dancing Town, The Female Instinct, Highway to Heaven
TV Shows The Snoop Sisters, The United States Steel Hour, Schlitz Playhouse of Stars, MGM: When the Lion Roars, Light's Diamond Jubilee, The Arthur Murray Party, Arthur Hailey's The Moneychangers
Star Sign Libra

  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

#Fact
1Gave birth to her only biological child at age 29, a daughter Mary MacArthur on February 16, 1930. She died on September 22, 1949 at age 19. Child's father was her husband, Charles MacArthur.
2At the age of 90, as a guest on the Tonight Show, when Johnny asked if she would return for her 100th birthday, she demurely lowered her eyes and softly said, oh no, I don't think so.
3Was the 5th actress to receive an Academy Award; she won the Best Actress Oscar for The Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931) at The 5th Academy Awards on November 18, 1932.
4Was a Girl Scout.
5Is one of 15 actresses to have won the Triple Crown of Acting (an Oscar, Emmy and Tony); the others in chronological order are Ingrid Bergman, Shirley Booth, Liza Minnelli, Rita Moreno, Maureen Stapleton, Jessica Tandy, Audrey Hepburn, Anne Bancroft, Vanessa Redgrave, Maggie Smith, Ellen Burstyn, Helen Mirren, Frances McDormand and Jessica Lange.
6Her likeness appears on a nondenominated USA commemorative postage stamp issued in her honor on 25 April 2011. Price on day of issue was 44¢.
7Two Broadway theaters were named after her. The first, at 210 W. 46th Street, was named after Hayes in 1955. After it was demolished in 1982, another theater, at 240 W. 44th Street, was renamed in Hayes' honor.
8She has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame: for motion pictures at 6258 Hollywood Boulevard, and for radio at 6549 Hollywood Boulevard.
9As of 2013, she is one of only 6 actors who have a 2-0 winning record when nominated for an acting Oscar. The others are Luise Rainer for The Great Ziegfeld (1936) and The Good Earth (1937); Vivien Leigh for Gone with the Wind (1939) and A Streetcar Named Desire (1951); Kevin Spacey for The Usual Suspects (1995) and American Beauty (1999); Hilary Swank for Boys Don't Cry (1999) and Million Dollar Baby (2004); and Christoph Waltz for Inglourious Basterds (2009) and Django Unchained (2012).
10The Helen Hayes Awards are given out annually to worthy theatrical productions in the Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia area, her birthplace and where she gained her first acting experience.
11Although she played Ingrid Bergman's grandmother in Anastasia (1956), she was less than fifteen years older than she.
12She was awarded the American National Medal of the Arts in 1988 by the National Endowment of the Arts in Washington D.C.
13First actress to win an Oscar, for playing a prostitute in The Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931), her first talkie.
14Shares the distinction with actors José Ferrer, 'Fredric March' and Ingrid Bergman of being the first winners of acting Tony Awards when the annual event was established in 1947.
15Was a supporter of the Republican Party, attending all the conventions up until her death.
16Is one of only a few actors to win an Oscar for a supporting role after winning an Oscar for a leading role.
17Won three Tony Awards, two Best Actress (Dramatic) awards -- one in 1947 for "Happy Birthday," an award that was shared with Ingrid Bergman for "Joan of Lorraine," another in 1958, for "Time Remembered" -- and a third, Special Tony Award in 1980, namely: The Lawrence Langer Memorial Award for Distinguished Lifetime Achievement in the American Theatre. She was also nominated as Best Actress (Dramatic) in 1970 for a revival of "Harvey."
18In 1958, she became the second performer to win the Triple Crown of Acting. Oscars: Best Actress, The Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931) and Best Supporting Actress, Airport (1970), Tony: Best Actress-Play, "Time Remembered" (1958), and Emmy: Best Actress of 1953.
19She made frequent trips to hospitals because of asthma attacks aggravated by backstage dust. When asthma ended her theatrical career, Hayes wrote books and raised funds for organizations that fight asthma.
20The lights of Broadway were dimmed for one minute at 8:00 p.m. on the day she died.
21She had a career than spanned over 80 years beginning as a child actress at age 5.
22Charter member of the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1973.
23Mother of stage actress Mary MacArthur, who died in 1949 at the age of nineteen, and adoptive mother of actor James MacArthur.
24Interred at Oak Hill Cemetery, Nyack, New York, USA.
25Pre-eminent US stage actress. She was regarded as the First Lady of the American Theater.
26Received the Women's International Center (WIC) Living Legacy Award in 1985.
27Lived for many years in an historic house in Nyack, New York called "Pretty Penny." Located at 235 North Broadway, she regularly offered tours of her well maintained gardens to the local garden clubs. The house was purchased by television personality and actress Rosie O'Donnell, a few years after her death, from her surviving son, actor James MacArthur.


Actress

Actress

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Glitter1985TV SeriesBetsy
Murder with Mirrors1985TV MovieMiss Jane Marple
Highway to Heaven1984TV SeriesEstelle Wicks
A Caribbean Mystery1983TV MovieMiss Jane Marple
Love, Sidney1982TV SeriesMrs. Clovis
Murder Is Easy1982TV MovieLavinia Fullerton
The Love Boat1980TV SeriesAgatha Winslow
A Family Upside Down1978TV MovieEmma Long
Candleshoe1977Lady St. Edmund
Arthur Hailey's the Moneychangers1976TV Mini-SeriesDr. McCartney
Victory at Entebbe1976TV MovieEtta Grossman-Wise
Hawaii Five-O1975TV SeriesAunt Clara
One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing1975Hettie
The Snoop Sisters1972-1974TV SeriesErnesta Snoop
Herbie Rides Again1974Mrs. Steinmetz
Circle of Fear1972TV SeriesMiss Gilden
Harvey1972TV MovieVeta Louise Simmons
Here's Lucy1972TV SeriesMrs. Kathleen Brady
Do Not Fold, Spindle or Mutilate1971TV MovieSophie Tate Curtis
NET Playhouse1970TV SeriesMultiple Roles
Airport1970Ada Quonsett
The Front Page1970TV MovieNarrator
Arsenic and Old Lace1969TV MovieAbby Brewster
Tarzan1967TV SeriesMrs. Wilson
The Christophers1963TV Series
The Bell Telephone Hour1960TV SeriesBaroness Nadedja von Meck
Play of the Week1959-1960TV SeriesMother Hildebrand / Madame Ranevskaya
Cradle Song1960TV MovieThe Vicaress
Dow Hour of Great Mysteries1960TV SeriesCornelia Van Gorder
The United States Steel Hour1954-1959TV SeriesMother Seraphim / Mrs. Austin
Third Man on the Mountain1959Tourist (uncredited)
Ah, Wilderness!1959TV MovieEssie
Omnibus1952-1958TV SeriesMrs. Howard V. Larue III / Bessie Arlington / Mrs. Kirby
The Alcoa Hour1957TV SeriesMrs. Gilling
Playhouse 901957TV SeriesSister Theresa
Anastasia1956Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna
Producers' Showcase1955TV SeriesMrs. Antrobus
The Best of Broadway1954-1955TV SeriesAbby Brewster Fanny Cavendish
The Motorola Television Hour1954TV SeriesFrances Parry
Medallion Theatre1953TV SeriesHarriet Beecher Stowe
Main Street to Broadway1953Helen Hayes
My Son John1952Lucille Jefferson
Schlitz Playhouse1951TV Series
Pulitzer Prize Playhouse1950-1951TV SeriesMary Stuart, Queen of Scots / Gwenny Bean
Robert Montgomery Presents1951TV SeriesQueen Victoria
The Prudential Family Playhouse1950TV SeriesElizabeth Moulton-Barrett
Stage Door Canteen1943Helen Hayes
Vanessa: Her Love Story1935Vanessa Paris
What Every Woman Knows1934Maggie Wylie
Crime Without Passion1934Extra in hotel lobby (uncredited)
Night Flight1933Simone Fabian
Another Language1933Stella 'Stell' Hallam
The White Sister1933Angela Chiaromonte
The Son-Daughter1932Lien Wha
A Farewell to Arms1932Catherine
Arrowsmith1931Leora Arrowsmith
The Sin of Madelon Claudet1931Madelon
The Dancing Town1928ShortOlive Pepperall
The Weavers of Life1917Peggy

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
What Every Woman Knows1934performer: "Loch Lomond" - uncredited

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Night of 100 Stars III1990TV MovieHerself
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts1988TV SpecialHerself
Talking Pictures1988TV Series documentaryHerself
The 41st Annual Tony Awards1987TV SpecialHerself - Presenter: Tribute to George Abbott
The 40th Annual Tony Awards1986TV SpecialHerself - Previous Winner
Liberty Weekend1986TV Special documentaryHerself
All-Star Party for 'Dutch' Reagan1985TV SpecialHerself
Broadway Plays Washington on Kennedy Center Tonight1982TV MovieHerself
Night of 100 Stars1982TV SpecialHerself
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts1981TV Special documentaryHerself - Honoree
Hopper's Silence1981DocumentaryHerself
The 35th Annual Tony Awards1981TV SpecialHerself - Presenter
The 34th Annual Tony Awards1980TV SpecialHerself - Winner: Lawrence Langner Award
Ingrid Bergman: An All-Star Salute1979TV MovieHerself
Dinah!1978TV SeriesHerself
Good Morning America1978TV SeriesHerself
The 32nd Annual Tony Awards1978TV SpecialHerself - Presenter: Best Featured Actor in a Musical
Hollywood Greats1977TV Series documentaryHerself
Herbie Day at Disneyland1974TV Short documentaryHerself
Hearts and Minds1974DocumentaryHerself (film clip from 'My Son John') (uncredited)
With Hands and Hearts1974TV Movie documentaryNarrator (voice)
This Is Your Life1973TV SeriesHerself
The Dick Cavett Show1970-1972TV SeriesHerself
Salute to Oscar Hammerstein II1972TV SpecialHerself
The 44th Annual Academy Awards1972TV SpecialHerself - Co-Host
The David Frost Show1969-1970TV SeriesHerself
The 24th Annual Tony Awards1970TV SpecialHerself
13 Stars for Channel 131968TV MovieHerself
The 22nd Annual Tony Awards1968TV SpecialHerself - Accepting Award for Apa- Phoenix
Today1956-1967TV SeriesHerself / Herself - Guest
The Ed Sullivan Show1951-1965TV SeriesHerself / Harriet Breecher Stowe
What's My Line?1951-1964TV SeriesHerself - Mystery Guest
Talent Scouts1963TV SeriesHerself
The 17th Annual Tony Awards1963TV SpecialHerself - Presenter
The Jack Barry Show1963TV SeriesHerself
The Mike Douglas Show1962TV SeriesHerself
The 16th Annual Tony Awards1962TV SpecialHerself - Presenter
The Challenge of Ideas1961Documentary shortHerself - Narrator
The 15th Annual Tony Awards1961TV SpecialHerself - Presenter
Directions1960TV SeriesHerself
The 14th Annual Tony Awards1960TV SpecialHerself - Presenter
Sunday Showcase1959TV SeriesHerself
The Arthur Murray Party1952-1958TV SeriesHerself
The Jack Paar Tonight Show1958TV SeriesHerself
The 11th Annual Tony Awards1957TV SpecialHerself - Presenter
General Motors 50th Anniversary Show1957TV MovieHerself
The Walter Winchell Show1956TV SeriesHerself
The 10th Annual Tony Awards1956TV SpecialHerself - Presenter: Best Performance by Leading Actor / Actress in a Play
The Colgate Comedy Hour1955TV SeriesHerself - Actress
A.N.T.A. Album of 19551955TV MovieHerself
Person to Person1955TV Series documentaryHerself
Light's Diamond Jubilee1954TV Movie documentaryHerself
The Jack Benny Program1954TV SeriesHerself
Christmas with the Stars1953TV MovieHerself
Longines Chronoscope1951TV SeriesHerself - Member, Committee on Women in the Armed Forces
Showtime, U.S.A.1950TV SeriesHerself
Hollywood Goes to Town1938Short documentaryHerself
MGM: When the Lion Roars1992TV Mini-Series documentaryHerself
American Masters1987-1991TV Series documentaryHerself
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson1969-1990TV SeriesHerself / Herself - Guest

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Irving Thalberg: Prince of Hollywood2005TV Movie documentaryHerself
American Masters2001TV Series documentaryHerself
Boom! Hollywood's Greatest Disaster Movies2000Video documentary
The 50th Annual Tony Awards1996TV SpecialHerself
The First 100 Years: A Celebration of American Movies1995TV Movie documentaryHerself
The 66th Annual Academy Awards1994TV SpecialHerself - Memorial Tribute
Cinema Paradiso1988Catherine Barkley (uncredited)
The Walt Disney Comedy and Magic Revue1985Video shortMrs. Steinmetz
Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color1981TV SeriesMrs. Steinmetz
The Ed Sullivan Show1958-1963TV SeriesHerself
Some of the Best1943DocumentaryMadelon Claudet in The Sin of Madelon Claudet (uncredited)
The Cavalcade of Academy Awards from 1928-19391940Documentary short
This Side of Heaven1934Actress in Film Clip (edited from 'Another Language') (uncredited)

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1971OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Actress in a Supporting RoleAirport (1970)
1971Golden LaurelLaurel AwardsBest Supporting Performance, FemaleAirport (1970)
1960Star on the Walk of FameWalk of FameMotion PictureOn 8 February 1960. At 6258 Hollywood Blvd.
1960Star on the Walk of FameWalk of FameRadioOn 8 February 1960. At 6549 Hollywood Blvd.
1953Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsBest Actress
1932OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Actress in a Leading RoleThe Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931)
1932Audience ReferendumVenice Film FestivalMost Favorite ActressThe Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931)

Nominated awards

Nominated awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1978Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Lead Actress in a Drama or Comedy SpecialA Family Upside Down (1978)
1976Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Lead Actress for a Single Appearance in a Drama or Comedy SeriesHawaii Five-O (1968)
1975Golden GlobeGolden Globes, USABest Actress in a Motion Picture - Comedy or MusicalHerbie Rides Again (1974)
1974Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsBest Lead Actress in a Limited SeriesThe Snoop Sisters (1972)
1972Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading RoleDo Not Fold, Spindle or Mutilate (1971)
1959Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsBest Single Performance by an ActressThe United States Steel Hour (1953)
1958Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsActress - Best Single Performance - Lead or SupportThe Alcoa Hour (1955)
1957Golden GlobeGolden Globes, USABest Actress - DramaAnastasia (1956)
1952Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsBest Actress
1951Primetime EmmyPrimetime Emmy AwardsBest Actress


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#Quote
1From your parents you learn love and laughter and how to put one foot in front of the other. But when books are opened, you discover you have wings.
2[Interview, 1977] Joan Crawford tried to be all things to all people. I just wish she hadn't tried to be a mother.
3[on comparing winning the Best Actress award (1932) with the birth of her daughter]: The only other time in my life when I really felt great or superb,all I could think to say was 'Gosh, isn't she red!' I hope I do better the second time.
4On writing: We rely upon poets, the philosophers, and the playwrights to articulate what most of us can feel, in joy or sorrow. They illuminate the thoughts for which we only grope; they give us the strength and balm we cannot find in ourselves. Whenever I feel my courage wavering I rush to them. They give me the wisdom of acceptance, the will and resilience to push on.
5I must refrain from talking too much about retirement. It's beginning to sound absurd.
6[at age 73] The hardest years in life are those between ten and seventy.
7Age is not important unless you're a cheese.
8The truth is that there is only one terminal dignity - love. And the story of love is not important - what is important is that one is capable of love. It is perhaps the only glimpse we are permitted of eternity.
9If you rest, you rust.
10Every human being on this earth is born with a tragedy, and it isn't original sin. He's born with the tragedy that he has to grow up. That he has to leave the nest, the security, and go out to do battle. He has to lose everything that is lovely and fight for a new loveliness of his own making, and it's a tragedy. A lot of people don't have the courage to do it.
11I seem always to have reminded people of someone in their family. Perhaps I am the triumph of Plain Jane.


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