Hollywood actress famous for her assignments in Ecstasy in 1933 and Samson and Delilah in 1949. She made an appearance in Boom City and Comrade X with Clark Gable. She was created in Austria and examined theater in Berlin. She and George Antheil co-invented approaches for cellular communication which were employed for radio-controlled torpedoes. She wedded six situations. Her longest relationship, which lasted seven years, was to W. Howard Lee and started in 1953. She acquired two sons and a little girl. In 1941, she caused Lana Turner in the musical extravaganza Ziegfeld Gal.
Full Name Hedy Lamarr
Date Of Birth November 9, 1913
Died January 19, 2000, Casselberry, Florida, United States
Place Of Birth Vienna, Austria
Height 1.7 m
Profession Movie Actress
Nationality Austrian, American
Spouse Lewis J. Boies, W. Howard Lee, Teddy Stauffer, John Loder, Gene Markey, Friedrich Mandl
Children Anthony Loder, Denise Loder, James Lamarr Markey
Movies Samson and Delilah, Ecstasy, Algiers, The Strange Woman, Dishonored Lady, White Cargo, Ziegfeld Girl, Tortilla Flat, Lady of the Tropics, Come Live with Me, Experiment Perilous, Comrade X, Boom Town, The Conspirators, My Favorite Spy, I Take This Woman, H. M. Pulham, Esq., The Heavenly Body, The Female Animal, Let's Live a Little, A Lady Without Passport, Her Highness and the Bellboy, The Story of Mankind, Copper Canyon, Gold on the Street, No Money Needed, Instant Karma, Crossroads, Slaughter on Tenth Avenue, Loves of Three Queens, The Trunks of Mr. O.F., Storm in a Water Glass
She was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6247 Hollywood Blvd. on February 8, 1960.
She was the daughter of Gertrud (Lichtwitz) and Emil Kiesler. Her father was born in Lviv (now in Ukraine) and her mother was born in Budapest, Hungary. Both were from Jewish families.
She studied at Max Reinhardt's theater school at the Deutsches Theater.
She admitted that she made one of her biggest career mistakes when she turned down the leading role in Casablanca (1942).
When Ecstasy (1933) was showed in the cinemas the name Hedy Kiesler was the talk of the town. However, instead of a great film career, she followed with a marriage to Austrian munitions manufacturer Fritz Mandl. She retired from the film business at her husband's request and devoted herself to the marriage. Mandl tried to buy up all existing copies of "Extase" but was unsuccessful. The marriage turned out to be a disaster, however--her husband beat her regularly and was an ardent Nazi supporter--and she escaped from the marriage and her home country and fled to England, where she met producer Louis B. Mayer, who changed her name to Hedy Lamarr in honor of silent-screen star Barbara La Marr.
Her nude and sex scenes in Ecstasy (1933) caused a scandal in Europe at the time. Even Benito Mussolini had a copy of the movie in his private possession. Today these nude scenes looks harmless.
After an education that included ballet and dancing lessons and learning to speak such languages as English, Italian and Hungarian, she rounded off her apprenticeship by attending a Swiss boarding school.
Her father was a bank director and her mother was a pianist.
Although she earned a great deal of money during her career, she lost her fortune with her production company. She died impoverished in Florida in 2000.
Was cast in the movie Picture Mommy Dead (1966), but fired on February 3, 1966, when she did not show up for the first day of shooting.
Was considered for the role of Ilsa Lund in Casablanca (1942), but Ingrid Bergman was cast instead. When Julius Epstein, one of the film's several screenwriters, was trying to "pitch" (explain the plot) to producer David O. Selznick, he started a long, drawn-out summary but finally wrapped up with "Oh, what the hell! It's going to be a lot of shit like Algiers (1938)!", which was one of her starring films.
Dr. Kleiner's pet head-crab "Lamarr" in the computer game Half-Life 2 (2004) is named after her.
Became a naturalized US citizen on April 10, 1953.
The first Inventor's Day in Germany was held in her honor on November 9, 2005, on what would have been her 92nd birthday.
Biography in: "American National Biography". Supplement 1, pp. 337-338. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Her profile was the most requested in the 1940s by women to their plastic surgeons.
For her appearance in Ecstasy (1933), she has been credited as being the first nude woman as well as portraying the first sex-scene in film history (scenes were cut and additional ones added in order to be able to release it in some countries). However, she was actually at least 18 years too late to be the first nude woman in film, as both Inspiration (1915) and Lois Weber's Hypocrites (1915) had beaten her to it.
Was co-inventor (with composer George Antheil) of the earliest known form of the telecommunications method known as "frequency hopping", which used a piano roll to change between 88 frequencies and was intended to make radio-guided torpedoes harder for enemies to detect or to jam. The method received U.S. patent number 2,292,387 on August 11, 1942, under the name "Secret Communications System". Frequency hopping is now widely used in cellular phones and other modern technology. However, neither she nor Antheil profited from this fact, because their patents were allowed to expire decades before the modern wireless boom.
She received an award from the Electronic Frontier Foundation in 1997 for her pioneering work in spread-spectrum technology.
In April 1998 she sued software company Corel Corp. for using her photo on the cover of its product CorelDRAW.
Sued Mel Brooks for mocking her name in his film Blazing Saddles (1974) by naming a character "Hedley Lamarr". They settled out of court.
Had three children: Anthony Loder (born March 1, 1947), Denise Hedy Loder (born May 29, 1945), James Loder (born March 6, 1939; Hedy's husband John Loder adopted him October 16, 1939 as James Markey Lamarr).
Her inspiration for inventing a radio that broadcast on different frequencies came from watching a player piano paper go around with different holes in the paper. She gave the idea to the US War Department, which led to a radio guiding system for torpedoes that was used in World War II. She had supposedly gained the knowledge from her first husband, Fritz Mandl, an Austrian industrialist and arms dealer who philosophically and financially supported the Nazis. He was abusive and brutal to her, and she finally managed to escape him, and Austria, by drugging her maid.
The Female Animal
The Story of Mankind
Joan of Arc
Zane Grey Theater
Slaughter on Tenth Avenue
Shower of Stars
I cavalieri dell'illusione
Imperatrice Giuseppina / Genoveffa di Brabante / Hedy Windsor
Loves of Three Queens
Elana di Troia
My Favorite Spy
A Lady Without Passport
Samson and Delilah
Let's Live a Little
Dr. J.O. Loring
The Strange Woman
Her Highness and the Bellboy
Irene Von Mohr
The Heavenly Body
Dolores Sweets Ramirez
H.M. Pulham, Esq.
Come Live with Me
I Take This Woman
Lady of the Tropics
Eva Hermann (as Hedy Kiesler)
Man braucht kein Geld
Käthe Brandt (as Hedy Kiesler)
Die Koffer des Herrn O.F.
Helene - Tochter des Bürgermeisters (as Hedy Kiesler)
Storm in a Water Glass
Secretary (as Hedy Kiesler)
Geld auf der Straße
Young Girl at Night Club Table (as Hedwig Kiesler)
My Favorite Spy
performer: "JUST A MOMENT MORE"
performer: "Ma Blushin' Rosie" 1900 - uncredited
H.M. Pulham, Esq.
performer: "Three O'Clock in the Morning" 1922 - uncredited
[on working for Cecil B. DeMille in Samson and Delilah (1949)] I was won over to appearing in the picture from the moment I entered his office and saw the extent of the research that he had done on the whole subject. You have no idea how thorough and comprehensive that research is. He has the first suggestion of a script and treatment down to the final shooting script. He has documents and evidence to support everything he does.
I was the highest-priced and most important star in Hollywood, but I was "difficult".
I win because I learned years ago that scared money always loses. I never care, so I win.
To be a star is--to own the world and all the people in it. After a taste of stardom, everything else is poverty.
The ladder of success in Hollywood is usually agent, actor, director, producer, leading man. And you are a star if you sleep with them in that order. Crude but true.
[referring to the EFF award for invention frequency hopping] It's about time.
[1960s] It would be wrong of me to say so, but in this country [USA] money is more important than love. Most people here betray you and that's why there is so much chaos. I want to get away from here. I am homesick for Vienna . . . because my home is Vienna and Austria, not America... never!
Any girl can be glamorous. All you have to do is stand still and look stupid.
If you use your imagination, you can look at any actress and see her nude, I hope to make you use your imagination
My problem is, I'm a hell of a nice dame, The most horrible whores are famous. I did what I did for love. The others did it for money.
I must quit marrying men who feel inferior to me. Somewhere, there must be a man who could be my husband and not feel inferior. I need a superior inferior man.