He won an Academy Prize for his tough-as-nails portrayal from the titular personality in Patton. He also performed Ebenezer Scrooge in movie director Clive Donner’s A Xmas Carol. As a kid, he strove to become writer and had written many unpublished brief stories. He performed General Buck Turgidson in Stanley Kubrick’s Dr. Strangelove. After his 4th relationship, he embarked on the turbulent romantic relationship with celebrity Ava Gardner. He previously a complete of seven kids including professional Campbell Scott. He starred in Patton with Karl Malden.
Full Name George C. Scott
Date Of Birth October 18, 1927
Died September 22, 1999, Westlake Village, California, United States
Place Of Birth Virginia
Height 1.83 m
Profession Movie Actor
Education University of Missouri
Spouse Trish Van Devere, Colleen Dewhurst, Patricia Reed, Carolyn Hughes
Children Campbell Scott, Devon Scott, Alexander R. Scott, George D. Scott, Victoria Scott, Michelle Scott, Matthew Scott
Awards Academy Award for Best Actor, Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture – Drama, New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor, Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Miniseries, or Motion Picture Made for Television, National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or a Movie, National Board of Review Award for Best Actor, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance By An Actor In A Leading Role, Genie Award for Best Performance by a Foreign Actor, Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Performance, Obie Award for Best Actor, Outer Critics Circle Award for Outstanding Actor in a Play
Nominations Academy Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture, Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or a Movie, Tony Award for Best Lead Actor in a Play, Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie, Golden Globe Award for Best New Star of the Year – Actor, Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play, Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Series, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performance In A Supporting Role By An Actor, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Special Program, Drama or Comedy
Movies Patton, Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, The Hustler, Anatomy of a Murder, The Changeling, Petulia, The Exorcist III, Taps, Movie Movie, They Might Be Giants, The Day of the Dolphin, The Hospital, The Flim-Flam Man, The Hanging Tree, The List of Adrian Messenger, A Christmas Carol, The Rescuers Down Under, The Last Days of Patton, Firestarter, The New Centurions, 12 Angry Men, The Last Run, The Bible: In the Beginning..., The Savage is Loose, Islands in the Stream, The Hindenburg, Oklahoma Crude, Malice, The Formula, Inherit the Wind, The Andersonville Trial, The Yellow Rolls-Royce, Bank Shot, Gloria, Hardcore, Not with My Wife, You Don't!, The Prince and the Pauper, Jane Eyre, Descending Angel, Country Justice, The Murders in the Rue Morgue, Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue, Oliver Twist, The Ryan White Story, This Savage Land, Angus, Rage, The Power and the Glory, Prince Brat and The Whipping Boy, Rocky Marciano, Finding the Way Home
TV Shows Titanic, New York News, Traps, Mr. President, East Side/West Side, Mussolini: The Untold Story
Star Sign Libra
During the period when he was harassing Ava Gardner, George C Scott found his clothes in the hotel room cut off at the shoulders. Ava Gardner was still very close to Frank Sinatra, who was himself very close to the Mafia.
Actor Jim MacGeorge, who played the evil Dr. Scarab on the animated series Bionic Six (1987), based his Scarab voice on Scott's voice.
George C. Scott passed away on September 22, 1999, a month away from what would have been his 72nd birthday on October 18.
Following his death, he was interred in an unmarked grave at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.
In the 1970s, before he married Trish Van Devere, Scott like to visit friends in the Beverly Hills area accompanied by two actor buddies, Stephen Young and Paul Stevens. Both of these actors appeared in films starring George C. Scott.
Became a father for the 5th time at age 32 when his 3rd ex-wife Colleen Dewhurst gave birth to their son Alexander Scott in August 1960.
Became a father for the 4th time at age 31 when his 2nd ex-wife Patricia Reed gave birth to their daughter Devon Scott on November 29, 1958.
Became a father for the 3rd time at age 29 when his 2nd ex-wife Patricia Reed gave birth to their son Matthew Scott on May 27, 1957.
Became a father for the 2nd time at age 26 when his former lover Karen Truesdell gave birth to their daughter Michelle Scott on August 21, 1954.
Became a father for the 1st time at age 25 when his 1st ex-wife Carolyn Hughes gave birth to their daughter Victoria Scott on December 19, 1952.
During filming of The Bible: In the Beginning... (1966), Scott and Ava Gardner, who had been in a tempestuous relationship for a few years, drank heavily. His drinking and his explosive temper resulted in Scott beating Gardner. He broke her shoulder and during some of the filming she was in a body brace.
He accepted the role of Sheriff Bill Gillespie in In the Heat of the Night (1967), according to producer Walter Mirisch's memoir "I Thought We Were Making Movies, Not History". Scott backed out when wife Colleen Dewhurst wanted him to direct her in a play on Broadway. Mirisch then offered the role to Rod Steiger, who accepted and won an Oscar. Steiger later turned down the lead in Patton (1970) that went to Scott, which brought him an Oscar.
An aficionado of acting, he told interviewer Lawrence Grobel in his December 1980 Playboy magazine interview that his The Hustler (1961) co-star Paul Newman's performance in that film was nothing special (both actors were nominated for Academy Awards for their performances). However, he found Newman's performance as the eponymous Hud (1963) to be a superb piece of acting.
According to a Time magazine cover-story (March 22, 1971), Scott once had to go back on-stage during a Broadway play with his hand in a rubber glove after punching the mirror in his dressing room. The broken glass cut his hand and the flow of blood could not be stanched. This was in the days of Scott's heavy drinking, which was caused by an inner-torment and self-loathing. Scott had turned to acting to exorcise those demons, and by the time of his success with Patton (1970) had largely succeeded, according to the magazine profile.
He joined the Marines Corps as a 17-year old in 1945, but the atomic bomb brought an end to World War II before he could see combat. After the war, he served time at Arlington National Cemetery. According to the March 22, 1971 Time magazine cover-story on Scott, this was the time that he began to drink heavily, as the grave detail was extremely depressing.
In his autobiography, Marlon Brando, Scott's co-star in the film The Formula (1980) -- in a caption for a picture from the film -- recounts that Scott asked him during the shooting of the film whether he, Brando, would ever give the same line-reading twice. Brando replied, "I know you know a cue when you hear one.".
His performance as General George S. Patton in Patton (1970) is ranked #82 on Premiere magazine's 100 Greatest Performances of All Time (2006).
Biography in: "American National Biography". Supplement 1, pp. 550-551. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Was nominated for Broadway's Tony Award five times: as Best Supporting or Featured Actor (Dramatic), in 1959 for "Comes a Day"; as Best Actor (Dramatic), in 1960 for "The Andersonville Trial" and in 1974 for "Uncle Vanya"; and, as Best Actor (Play), in 1976 for a revival of Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman" and in 1996 for a revival of "Inherit the Wind". Despite these five nominations, he never won a Tony Award.
Was nominated for a 1996 Tony Award as Best Actor for "Inherit the Wind", but he lost to George Grizzard in "A Delicate Balance". Scott's first Tony nomination was in 1959 as Best Featured Actor in a Play in "Comes a Day". His competition that year was Grizzard, who was nominated in the same category for "The Disenchanted". They were both beaten by Charles Ruggles in "The Pleasure of His Company".
1950: Attended the University of Missouri Journalism School for one year, where he began taking drama classes.
According to his Patton (1970) co-star Karl Malden, Scott caused a shooting delay on the set of that movie by holding an impromptu "ping-pong" tournament against a world-champion table-tennis player. Scott, who was in full costume as General Patton, kept losing to the world champ and was determined to keep playing him all night, if need be, until winning at least one set.
There were only two feature films shot in the Dimension 150 process. Scott starred in both of them: The Bible: In the Beginning... (1966) (aka "La Bibbia") and Patton (1970). "Patton", which was released in Cinerama theaters, was the last movie shot in a widescreen format specifically for exhibition on the Cinerama circuit, which featured curved screens. Spectators at the Cinerama showings of "Patton" were awed by the three-dimensional effect of Patton's opening speech, in which Scott as Patton stands by himself on-screen. The scene likely was shot for the purpose of showcasing the Cinerama screen.
Played three roles originated by actor Lee J. Cobb. He played Lt. Kinderman in The Exorcist III (1990), which was played by Cobb in the original The Exorcist (1973). Scott later played Juror #3 in the remake of 12 Angry Men (1997), a role played by Cobb in the original film (12 Angry Men (1957)). He also received a Tony nomination for playing Cobb's signature role of Willy Loman in "Death of a Salesman" on Broadway.
Although he refused the Oscar he won for Patton (1970), he accepted the Emmy he won for his performance in the Hallmark Hall of Fame (1951) 1971 production of Arthur Miller's "The Price", saying that he felt that the Emmy Awards were a more honest appreciation of an actor's work.
1945-49: Served in the United States Marine Corps.
Was infamous for his intense, intimidating personality. Julie Christie, who had earlier co-starred with him in Petulia (1968), was rattled by his presence when they appeared together on Broadway in Mike Nichols' all-star production of Anton Chekhov's "Uncle Vanya" in the summer of 1973 (other cast members included Conrad Bain, Lillian Gish, Barnard Hughes, Cathleen Nesbitt and Nicol Williamson in the title role. The play garnered 1974 Tony Award nominations for Nichols for Best Director and Best Actor [Play] nods for Scott and Williamson; Williamson won the 1974 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Performance). Christie also told the press, at the time, that Scott frightened her, something that surprised the actor when he was told of her comment six years later by Lawrence Grobel, who was interviewing Scott for "Playboy" Magazine (December 1980).
Was the first actor ever to refuse an Academy Award (1970, for Patton (1970)). He was followed by Marlon Brando, who also turned down the award for The Godfather (1972). The reason he claimed for missing the ceremony where he won the Oscar was that he was busy watching a hockey game.
The only products that Scott ever endorsed in a TV commercial shown in the United States were the Renault Alliance sedan and Encore coupe (later the Alliance coupe), built in the United States by American Motors.
(on Stanley Kubrick') He is most certainly in command, and he's so self-effacing and apologetic it's impossible to be offended by him.
[on working with Marlon Brando on The Formula (1980)] He'd drive you crazy. He does it over and over and over. Marlon would improve all the time. I'm not sure about the rest of us.
[on training to be an actor] Much of the learning process is finding out what not to do, like indulging in excesses... method acting, where they all get together and act for each other in a test-tube atmosphere.
The audience is a dark thing, a peculiar animal, an enemy that must be assaulted and won. It doesn't matter a damn what the actor does or does not feel. It's what the lady down there in the blue hat is feeling.
Technique is making what is absolutely false appear to be totally true in a manner that is not recognizable.
Actors are always in trouble. A director who isn't a help is a drag.
Acting is just a matter of observation, imitation and communication. That's what it's all about.
[early thoughts on Patton (1970)] It's an inadequate script and it's very difficult for me. Patton was misunderstood contemporaneously and he's misunderstood here. And I'm ashamed of being a part of it.
[on Jack Nicholson] He's eccentric but very interesting. A unique kind of approach. He shines because he's himself a rather interesting eccentric. A very fascinating actor.
[on Paul Newman] I've never thought that Paul was a particularly good actor. He's one of the sweet people of the world, an excellent producer. But I've never been a Paul Newman fan as far as acting goes. The only thing Paul's ever done I really thought was first class was Hud (1963).
Since childhood, the whole self-loathing thing was a big part of my makeup. Now I've learned to say, "Okay, I've screwed up." Then I try to make amends.
I think you have to be schizoid three different ways to be an actor. You've got to be three different people. You have to be a human being. Then you have to be the character you're playing. And on top of that you've got to be the guy sitting out there in Row 10, watching yourself and judging yourself. That's why most of us are crazy to start with, or go nuts once we get into it. I mean, don't you think it's a pretty spooky way to earn a living?
Film is not an actor's medium. You shoot scenes in order of convenience, not the way they come in the script, and that's detrimental to a fully developed performance. There's the terrible tedium and boredom involved in waiting around for the camera to be set up, and then you have to turn on and off when they do the scene over again. When you see the rushes is the first time you begin to judge your performance. If you get 50% of what you hoped for, you're lucky.
[on acting] It was the only avenue of escape I had from myself. It's never been difficult to subjugate myself to a part because I don't like myself too well. Acting was, in every sense, my means of survival.
Acting changes the inner spirit. It's fulfilling, but psychologically very costly. You can't steal enough money in a lifetime to make up for the damage. I'm ashamed for the bitterness it created in me, but it exists. Even when you're successful it's hard to rise above it. It's like a growth.
My violent behavior is some sort of aberration, a character defect I'm not particularly proud of.
Actors are the world's oldest, underprivileged minority - looked upon as nothing but buffoons, one step above thieves and charlatans. These award ceremonies simply compound the image for me.
I have nothing against Oscar. I know what he stands for and it's terrific. And I think when people used to hang around and pat each other on the back over a drink and dinner it was wonderful. But when it became an international hoopla, where careers lived and died on whether or not you did or didn't get an Oscar, then it got out of hand.
I became an actor to escape my own personality. Acting is the most therapeutic thing in the world. I think all the courage that I may lack personally, I have as an actor.
Bette Davis is my bloody idol. I admire her more than any other film star.
Directors are supposed to help the audience. Good directors don't direct actors.
[on psychoanalysis] Four visits. I kept laughing. I couldn't get serious. If it helps you, it helps you. If standing on your head on the roof helps you, it helps you - if you think so.
There is no question you get pumped up by the recognition. Then a self-loathing sets in when you realize you're enjoying it.
The [Academy Awards] ceremonies are a two-hour meat parade, a public display with contrived suspense for economic reasons.
[when asked for suggestions on how to judge acting] I have three tests. First, which dominates, the character or the actor? With very few exceptions it should be the character. Second, on film - as opposed to stage - we're pretty much playing basic emotions: love, anger, fear, pity. So the trick is whether you can come up with any fresh choices to present these common emotions. Third - and this is the quality that separates the great ones from the good ones - I look for a "joy of performing" quality. Who had that quality? As much as anyone, Jimmy Cagney [James Cagney].