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Gary Cooper

Biography

Actor who also received five Academy Honor nominations for Ideal Acting professional and won the honor for his functions in Large Noon (1952) and Sergeant York (1941). He also performed functions in Mr. Deeds Would go to City, The Pride from the Yankees, and Town Streets. He handled a ranch and worked well as a newspapers cartoonist in Montana. His stoic manifestation made him an ideal candidate for Traditional western films. He wedded popular socialite Victoria Balfe in 1933. The few had a child collectively. He co-starred with Ingrid Bergman in the 1943 episode For Whom the Bell Tolls.

Quick Facts


Full Name Gary Cooper
Date Of Birth May 7, 1901
Died May 13, 1961, Beverly Hills, California, United States
Place Of Birth Helena, MT
Height 1.9 m
Profession Movie Actor
Education Dunstable Grammar School, Grinnell College
Nationality American
Spouse Veronica Balfe
Children Maria Cooper
Parents Charles Cooper, Alice Cooper
Siblings Arthur Cooper
Awards Academy Award for Best Actor, Academy Honorary Award, Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture – Drama, David di Donatello Special Award
Music Groups The King's Consort
Movies High Noon, Sergeant York, Meet John Doe, Unconquered, The Pride of the Yankees, Garden of Evil, Friendly Persuasion, The Westerner, Man of the West, Love in the Afternoon, Distant Drums, The Fountainhead, Ball of Fire, Along Came Jones, Vera Cruz, For Whom the Bell Tolls, Design for Living, The Lives of a Bengal Lancer, The Hanging Tree, The Virginian, Beau Geste, Fighting Caravans, A Farewell to Arms, The Plainsman, You're in the Navy Now, The Winning of Barbara Worth, Blowing Wild, Cloak and Dagger, They Came to Cordura, The Naked Edge, Springfield Rifle, The Real Glory, The Cowboy and the Lady, The Story of Dr. Wassell, North West Mounted Police, The Wreck of the Mary Deare, The Wedding Night, Peter Ibbetson, Bluebeard's Eighth Wife, Return to Paradise, Today We Live, The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell, Casanova Brown, Saratoga Trunk, The General Died at Dawn, Operator 13, Bright Leaf, Ten North Frederick, Now and Forever, The Adventures of Marco Polo, One Sunday Afternoon
Star Sign Taurus

  • Facts
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#Fact
1He never intended to become an actor and only began after meeting two friends from Montana when he first came to Los Angeles and, after working a series of odd jobs, was set up with a casting director who gave him work as an extra for five dollars a day and a rider for twice that amount. His intention was to save up enough for an Art course.
2He was originally a painter and artist and had sought to pursue that as a career. His drawings and watercolors were exhibited throughout the dormitory in college, and he was named art editor for the college yearbook. In fact, he started work as an extra with the intention of making money to attend an art course.
3Spent two years at the Dunstable Grammar School in Bedfordshire, England.
4During the filming of 'Morocco (1930)', he was treated dismissively by director Josef von Sternberg. Tensions came to a head after von Sternberg yelled directions at Cooper in German. The 6"3-inch actor approached the 5"4 director, physically picked him up by the collar and said, "If you expect to work in this country you'd better get on to the language we use here.
5He got the name 'Gary' from his agent Nan Collins who knew that there were other actors named Frank Cooper and got the name from her hometown of Gary, Indiana.
6He was a lifelong heavy smoker.
7The word "obey" was removed from the traditional marriage vow taken by he and wife Veronica in 1933. They reportedly had an "open marriage".
8Was an acting mentor to Kirk Douglas.
9He played several military characters from the World War I era. Ironically, this ranged from the real-life Alvin C. York, the most decorated U.S. soldier from the Great War, in Sergeant York (1941) to the fictional Maj. Thomas Thorne, a cavalry officer accused of cowardice under fire in They Came to Cordura (1959).
10According to James Garner's autobiography Cooper developed the habit of paying for everything by check, knowing that people would keep it for his signature and never cash it (it was a trick also used by Pablo Picasso, who once said he had seldom paid for anything--from lunches to cars to houses--because of it.
11In 1974, Cooper's body was removed from Holy Cross Cemetary and reburied under a three ton boulder at Sacred Heart Cemetery in Southampton, Long Island. His wife explained, " Gary loved Southapton. This is what he would want.".
12In November 1955 Cooper was announced to star under the direction of Gerd Oswald in The Proud Ones (1956). Eventually the film was directed by Robert D. Webb with Robert Ryan in the leading role.
13Often played the love interest of a significantly younger woman. A notable example is High Noon (1952) in which he and Grace Kelly played newlyweds. He was 51 and she was 22.
14Pictured on a 44¢ USA commemorative postage stamp in the Legends of Hollywood series, issued 10 September 2009.
15Born Frank Cooper, he changed his first name to Gary at the suggestion of his agent, Nan Collins, whose hometown was Gary, Indiana.
16His father, an English immigrant to Montana who became a wealthy lawyer and rancher, was a judge on the Montana Supreme Court.
17Although he was in failing health, his friend, director Henry Hathaway, had arranged to use him in his segments of How the West Was Won (1962). Upon his death, James Stewart, his best friend, accepted the role.
18The revised 1946 lyric to Irving Berlin's song "Puttin' On the Ritz ("Dressed up like a million-dollar trooper/Trying hard to look like Gary Cooper/Super-duper")refers to Cooper in his early sound and pre-cowboy days when he was considered the height of tall, natural American elegance. This persona is best seen in Ernst Lubitsch's version of Noël Coward's play "Design for Living" (Design for Living (1933))where he is playing a character said to be inspired by Howard Hughes, whom Cooper very much resembled.
19He is the step-uncle of Brooke Shields. Her grandfather is Cooper's wife's step-father, Paul Shields.
20Three years after his death, his wife married Dr. John Converse.
21He was in a car accident as a teenager that caused him to walk with a limp the rest of his life.
22His daughter, Maria Veronica Balfe Cooper, was born on September 15, 1937. She now goes by her married name, Maria Cooper Janis.
23Before his cancer was found to be terminal, he had intended to play James Stewart's role in How the West Was Won (1962).
24Marlene Dietrich said about him: "Gary Cooper was neither intelligent nor cultured. Just like the other actors, he was chosen for his physique, which, after all, was more important than an active brain.".
25Was the original visual basis for pulp hero Doc Savage.
26In May 1931, after finishing I Take This Woman (1931), the combination of exhaustion, physical illness and the conflict between his possessive mother and jealous mistress led to a nervous breakdown. He had been working 14 to 16 hours a day, sometimes 23, making one film by day and another by night. He suffered from anemia and jaundice, and his weight dropped 30 pounds to a dangerously low 148 lbs.
27He considered himself to be miscast in Peter Ibbetson (1935), The Adventures of Marco Polo (1938), Saratoga Trunk (1945) and Ten North Frederick (1958).
28High Time (1960) was originally planned to be a vehicle for Cooper.
29In May 1974 his body was removed from Holy Cross Cemetery in Los Angeles and reburied, under a three-ton boulder from a Montauk (NY) quarry, in Sacred Heart Cemetery in Southampton, New York, near his family. His wife explained, "Gary loved Southampton. This is what he would want".
30His mother Alice Cooper died in a Palm Desert convalescent home on 6 October 1967, at the age of 94. His brother Arthur Cooper died in May 1982, at the age of 87.
31Met Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev at a luncheon organized by Charles Feldman at Twentieth Century-Fox on September 19, 1959. Khruschev personally invited Cooper and his wife and daughter on a six-day, United States Information Agency-sponsored trip to Moscow and Leningrad. After Cooper entertained some Soviet dignitaries at his house in Hollywood, ultra-conservative gossip columnist Hedda Hopper publicly denounced him as "soft on Commies".
32He was originally supposed to play the leading role in Frank Capra's Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), but Harry Cohn refused to loan Cooper out so James Stewart was cast instead.
33He won an Oscar for playing Alvin C. York in Sergeant York (1941), making him one of 17 actors to win the Award for playing a real person who was still alive at the evening of the Award ceremony (as of 2015). The other sixteen actors and their respective performances are: Spencer Tracy for playing Father Edward Flanagan in Boys Town (1938), Patty Duke for playing Helen Keller in The Miracle Worker (1962), Jason Robards for playing Ben Bradlee in All the President's Men (1976), Robert De Niro for playing Jake La Motta in Raging Bull (1980), Sissy Spacek for playing Loretta Lynn in Coal Miner's Daughter (1980)_, Jeremy Irons for playing Claus Von Bullow in Reversal of Fortune (1990), Susan Sarandon for playing Sister Helen Prejean in Dead Man Walking (1995), Geoffrey Rush for playing David Helfgott in Shine (1996), Julia Roberts for playing Erin Brockovich in Erin Brockovich (2000), Jim Broadbent for playing John Bayley in Iris (2001), Helen Mirren for playing Queen Elizabeth II in The Queen (2006), Sandra Bullock for playing Leigh Anne Tuohy in The Blind Side (2009), Melissa Leo for playing Alice Eklund-Ward in The Fighter (2010), Christian Bale for playing Dickie Eklund in The Fighter (2010), Meryl Streep for playing Margaret Thatcher in The Iron Lady (2011) and most recently Eddie Redmayne for playing Stephen Hawking in The Theory of Everything (2014).
34Turned down Joel McCrea's role in the Cecil B. DeMille epic Union Pacific (1939).
35Writer Ayn Rand worked as an extra in Hollywood when she came to the U.S. from Russia, and she promptly became a fan of Cooper. When her novel "The Fountainhead" was made into a film, Rand was thrilled that Cooper was starring. Cooper's speech in a courtroom is one that Rand worked on for a very long time. When filming was over, Cooper admitted to her that he hadn't understood it.
36Was considered for the role of Richard Sherman in The Seven Year Itch (1955).
37After talking with Carl Foreman on the set of High Noon (1952), Cooper realized there had not been an attempt by Communists to infiltrate Hollywood, and later regretted his part in founding the right-wing Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals.
38In 1932 he was named as a supporter and benefactor of a right-wing organization known as the Hollywood Light Horse, which described itself as "a military organization formed to promote Americanism and combat Communism and radicalism subversive to Constitutional government", and which numbered English actor Victor McLaglen as one of its members. The assertion that Cooper was an active supporter was quickly withdrawn following protests by his representatives.
39In 1925 he befriended another young, struggling, would-be actor named Walter Brennan. At one point they were even appearing as a team at casting offices, and although Cooper emerged in major and leading roles first, they would work together in the good years, too. Most memorably they starred in The Westerner (1940) together, where the general critical consensus was that Brennan's underplayed performance as Judge Roy Bean had stolen the film from Cooper.
40In 1968 a "Variety" magazine poll of popular television personalities still included Cooper and his one-time rival Clark Gable, even though both actors had died nearly a decade earlier.
41Lived with Anderson Lawler, a contract player at Paramount, in 1929.
42Was considered for Robert Mitchum's role in The Night of the Hunter (1955).
43Turned down James Mason's role as an aging movie star falling on hard times in A Star Is Born (1954).
44He was a close friend of Bing Crosby, who named his eldest son after Cooper.
45With the critical and commercial disaster You're in the Navy Now (1951), the word got out that Cooper was finished. He couldn't even sell a good picture that was a sure-fire formula to begin with--or once had been. He had disappeared completely from the Motion Picture Herald's annual survey of the top ten box office stars. He had been on the list for nine successive years, moving up and down but always there, proof that he was still a guarantee if only as a commodity star. Now he had lost even that. As the host of It's a Big Country: An American Anthology (1951), Cooper got fabulous press coverage during filming but after a few engagements it was withdrawn out of embarrassment. It wasted a warehouse of first-rate talent: Fredric March, William Powell, Gene Kelly, Ethel Barrymore, Janet Leigh, Van Johnson, Keenan Wynn and others. Cooper made another routine western, Distant Drums (1951), and then made the picture that would prove to be an enormous comeback vehicle for him: High Noon (1952).
46Turned down Foreign Correspondent (1940) and Saboteur (1942).
47He was a close friend and admirer of Pablo Picasso.
48In 1960, for the first time since his arrival in Hollywood, there were no new Gary Cooper pictures. In the spring of that year he underwent several operations for prostate cancer, but in the autumn managed to film one final movie in England, The Naked Edge (1961).
49An uncomfortable aspect of They Came to Cordura (1959) was that, besides looking far too old for his character, Cooper was looking quite ill and was actually filming against medical advice. Towards the end of the movie he was dragged 100 yards along the ground by a railroad handcar, something Stanley Kauffmann complained about in the "New Republic".
50Ten North Frederick (1958) was originally intended as a Spencer Tracy vehicle, but Tracy withdrew due to poor health.
51Although he had said previously that he would make no more biopics, he signed for The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell (1955). It was a poor Otto Preminger film and even Billy Mitchell's widow expressed disappointment with Cooper's performance. Possibly the story had appealed to Cooper on political grounds and Mitchell may have been a hero of his--the general who accused the government of neglecting military needs. Cooper went on Ed Sullivan's TV show to promote the film and home viewers were quite disappointed--critic David Shipman referred to Cooper's "effeminate mannerisms in his TV interviews".
52In 1951 he organized his own production company once more, calling it Baroda, and buying the film rights to Alfred Hayes' best-selling novel "The Girl on the Via Flaminia". He paid $40,000 for the rights and $10,000 to Hayes for a screenplay. He wanted to star in it with the young Montgomery Clift, the most popular young actor in Hollywood and also one of the best. Cooper could not arrange financing but broke even on his investment by selling the property to Leland Hayward and Anatole Litvak with the stipulation that Clift would have to star in it. The film was never made. Litvak, however, eventually made a film of The Chase (1966) much later, with Marlon Brando in the sheriff role that was being talked about in 1950 as Cooper's likely stage debut. John Hodiak took the role in Horton Foote's play when Cooper was unable to clear time with Warner Brothers--if indeed he tried.
53His estate was valued at $9 million at the time of his death in 1961.
54On January 8, 1961, he was given a testimonial dinner in Hollywood at the Friar's Club (it had nothing to do with his terminal cancer, which at the time his doctors didn't know he had). The aged Carl Sandburg was there, calling Cooper "a tradition while he's living, something of a clean sport, the lack of a phony." Audrey Hepburn read a poem called "What is a Gary Cooper?". Cooper didn't look well that night, but most observers thought he looked marvelous anyway.
55Separated from his wife Rocky in May 1951, mainly over his affair with Patricia Neal. They did not live together again until July 1954.
56On October 23, 1947, he appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee in Washington, not under subpoena but responding to an invitation to give testimony on the alleged infiltration of Hollywood by communists. Other friendly witnesses appearing on the same day as Cooper were Robert Taylor, Robert Montgomery, George Murphy, Ronald Reagan and the aging Adolphe Menjou. Montgomery had long been active in Republican politics as a committeeman and later would serve as White House adviser during the Eisenhower administration. Murphy would serve as a Republican senator from California, with a very reactionary voting record. Reagan would become Governor of California and the national champion of extreme conservatism. Taylor, Menjou and Cooper would all retreat gradually from the political fracas, but only Cooper would make a show of repudiating what he had done. Although he never recanted his testimony or said he regretted having been a friendly witness, he became conciliatory during the subsequent period of the blacklist. As an independent producer, he hired blacklisted actors and technicians. He did say he had never wanted to see anyone lose the right to work, regardless of what he had done. After the release of High Noon (1952), an allegory for blacklisting, he stood by its screenwriter Carl Foreman despite pressure from rabidly right-wing gossip columnist Hedda Hopper. Immediately after the HUAC appearance, the films of Cooper, Taylor, Montgomery, Murphy, Reagan and Menjou were banned first in Hungary, then in Czechoslovakia and eventually in most of the Iron Curtain countries. So were those of Ginger Rogers and, curiously, tenor Allan Jones, seen usually in minor features and certainly no militant. On the witness stand Cooper had made light of the communists, the thrust of his testimony being that sure, they were in Hollywood just like everywhere else, but they were only a small faction giving the large patriotic body of the film community a bad name it didn't deserve. After his testimony Cooper received a standing ovation and vigorous applause. He later told Robert Taylor, "I got a much bigger hand than you did." Liberals, who never forgave the other friendly witnesses, generally made an exception for Cooper.
57Although Cooper dismissed the new school of actors in the 1950s as "a bunch of goof balls" and could be caustic about "the Method" advanced by the Actors Studio in New York, Lee Strasberg told everyone that Cooper was a natural Method actor, he just didn't know it. Cooper did at least admire Marlon Brando's work, and became a producing partner with his father, Marlon Brando Sr..
58In 1958 Cooper had a private audience with Pope Pius XII at the Vatican, and in the following year became a convert to Roman Catholicism.
59In 1938 Cooper took his wife on a junket to England and the Continent, and was the last American movie star to visit Nazi Germany prior to the outbreak of World War II. Until that point he had been basically apolitical and isolationist, opposed to President Woodrow Wilson's League of Nations. When the fateful Munich Conference immediately followed Cooper's return to America, he became increasingly active in the film community's pastime of playing national partisan politics. His allegiance to the right wing would be fairly consistent, though never a sure thing. He said he believed the US should become more involved diplomatically in world affairs but felt it was no business of Hollywood's. He said pointedly that MGM's cautiously anti-Nazi Three Comrades (1938) with its F. Scott Fitzgerald screenplay should not have been made, and that henceforth he would give more thoughtful attention to some of the film projects he was offered.
60There has been much speculation over the years over whether Cooper's close friend Ernest Hemingway may have had latent homosexual tendencies. There is an easy agreement among Hemingway scholars that Papa, as he insisted Cooper should call him, was never actively homosexual, but the fact that he protested his masculinity so much in his novels and in real life has aroused suspicion. Hemingway's tendency to beautify in Cooper the qualities he found beastly in others is provocative. One Hemingway scholar maintained Papa was profoundly impressed that Cooper was such a stud. He said, "I believe that in his mind he loved Gary sexually, but I believe furthermore that Gary Cooper never once suspected it. If I am correct, that proves the beauty of Gary's naiveté, which Papa always found so charming."
61He was very popular with audiences over a long period of time, his popularity exceeding that of "The King" Clark Gable himself at the box office. Named the #1 Box Office Star of 1953 in the Top 10 Poll of Money-Making Stars, as ranked by Quigley Publications' annual survey of movie exhibitors. He made the list 18 times from 1936 to 1957, which was a record when he died in 1961. Of his contemporaries, John Wayne (who accepted Cooper's 1952 Best Actor Oscar for High Noon (1952)) established the still-standing record of Box Office success with 25 appearances in the Top 10 between 1949 and 1974.
62His lovers included Clara Bow, Evelyn Brent, Carole Lombard, Lupe Velez, Ingrid Bergman, Grace Kelly, Marlene Dietrich and Patricia Neal. Sir Cecil Beaton also claimed to have had an affair with him.
63At first Cooper didn't want to make Friendly Persuasion (1956), not just because he felt the audience wouldn't accept him as a devout Quaker, but also because he did not want to play a father figure. This was despite the fact that he was now 55. On the set he arranged for his daughter Maria Cooper Janis to date Anthony Perkins, not seeming to realize that the young actor was gay.
64In 1940, Cooper actively campaigned for Wendell Willkie as the Republican challenger to President Franklin D. Roosevelt's quest for a third term of office. Cooper believed Roosevelt was already too powerful, and would become more so. He told Cecelia Ager though that he advocated most of the New Deal reforms and believed the GOP made a mistake by not emphasizing their intention of retaining most of them. He said, "There's no going back to the ways of the Old Guard." Willkie, a well known womanizer, became firm friends with the actor.
65In 1943 Cooper was one of the founding members of the right-wing Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals, called merely "the Alliance" in the film community. Its other early leaders included Robert Taylor, Adolphe Menjou, Sam Wood, Norman Taurog, Clarence Brown, and Walt Disney. Clark Gable, thought of as one whose apolitical inclination was even more pronounced than Cooper's, was also a member. The Alliance's cheerleader was Lela E. Rogers, mother of Ginger Rogers.
66During the 1944 presidential election the phrase, "I've been for Roosevelt before . . . but not this time!" was personally attributed to Cooper, forming the basis of full-page advertisements in major newspapers, paid for by the Republican National Committee. Cooper was extremely active on behalf of the Republican candidate, New York's governor Thomas E. Dewey. He gave speeches, did entertaining for fund raisers, met with Dewey in Los Angeles and did some personal campaigning in the film community. Whether Cooper had ever been "for Roosevelt before" is questionable. Possibly he voted for him in 1936 during the second-term landslide. If so, it was not publicly disclosed. Cooper's activities were as unpopular as Democrat Humphrey Bogart's endorsement of Franklin D. Roosevelt that year. The studio called in both stars and told them to stop antagonizing fans who did not share their political beliefs.
67Often cited James Stewart as his closest friend.
68In the late 1950s, his voracious eating habits finally caught up with him. After decades of incomparable thinness, Cooper put on 15 lbs, pushing his weight up to 190 lbs, which on his 6'3" frame was still slender.
69He underwent four hernia operations between 1951 and 1953.
70It was a testament to his durability that Charlton Heston, already a major star following The Ten Commandments (1956), was prepared to play a supporting role in The Wreck of the Mary Deare (1959). Heston was impressed that the veteran actor, 58 years old and in declining health, was still able to perform his own stunts, including being submerged underwater for long periods of time. In his book "The Actor's Life", Heston recalled he sensed early on it would be Cooper's picture but he didn't mind, because of all Cooper himself had meant to Heston, even as a child.
71At the time of his terminal cancer being diagnosed towards the end of 1960, Cooper had signed to star in The Sundowners (1960) and Ride the High Country (1962).
72Along with Sidney Poitier, he is the most represented actor on the American Film Institute's 100 Most Inspiring Movies of All Time, with five of his films on the list. They are: Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936) at #83, Sergeant York (1941) at #57, Meet John Doe (1941) at #49, High Noon (1952) at #27 and The Pride of the Yankees (1942) at #22.
73The pallbearers at the funeral were Cooper's close friends - James Stewart, Henry Hathaway, Jack Benny, William Goetz, Jerry Wald, and Charles Feldman. Rocky and Maria walked behind the casket, alongside Cooper's 87-year-old mother Alice and his brother Arthur, as it was borne through the church to the hearse out on Santa Monica Boulevard. Among the top names of Hollywood attending the services were Norma Shearer, Dean Martin, Walter Pidgeon, Mary Pickford and Buddy Rogers, Marlene Dietrich, Randolph Scott, Joel McCrea, Frank Sinatra, Burt Lancaster, Jimmy Durante, Martha Hyer, John Wayne, Rosalind Russell, Robert Stack, Myrna Loy, Fay Wray, Joan Crawford, Maureen O'Sullivan, George Burns and Gracie Allen, Fred Astaire, Judy Garland, Bob Hope, Dinah Shore, and Karl Malden. Not one fan broke the lines to ask for an autograph.
74After James Stewart revealed to the world that Cooper was dying of cancer, messages poured in from such friends and well-wishers as Pope John XXIII, former Vice President Richard Nixon, Henry Fonda, Pablo Picasso, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, Princess Grace (Grace Kelly) of Monaco, John Wayne, Ernest Hemingway, former President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Bob Hope, Henry Hathaway, Audrey Hepburn, Mel Ferrer, William Goetz, Mary Livingstone (Mrs. Jack Benny) and Jack Benny, Gloria Stewart (Mrs. James Stewart) and James Stewart, Charles Feldman and Constance and Jerry Wald. The newly inaugurated President John F. Kennedy called from Washington and couldn't get through on the busy Cooper phone, but kept calling. He got through on the second day to talk to Gary for seven minutes.
75His reputation as an unthinking conservative seems largely undeserved. Though he appeared as a "friendly witness" before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) in 1947, he carefully avoided naming any people he suspected of having Communist sympathies within the Hollywood community. He later starred in High Noon (1952), a western that was an allegory for blacklisting in Hollywood, and strongly defended blacklisted screenwriter Carl Foreman from attacks by the right-wing Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals. Foreman later credited Cooper as the only major star in Hollywood who tried to help him. His mistress Patricia Neal, who did consider herself a liberal, said Gary was "conservative" but "you couldn't call him right-wing". Cooper showed a sense of humor by asking John Wayne to collect his Oscar for him in 1953, after Wayne had criticized High Noon (1952) as "anti-American".
76In the spring of 1960 he had two operations, one for prostate cancer and another to remove a cancerous part of his colon. The doctors were sure that they had gotten all of it. His body strengthened and he made The Naked Edge (1961) in England, but during production he had a lot of pain in his neck and shoulders. When he returned home from England he went back to the doctor in February 1961 and it was then that he had to be told the cancer had metastasized to his lungs and bones. As he did in The Pride of the Yankees (1942) he took it in stride and said, "If it is God's will, that's all right, too." He opted not to take very much treatment.
77His shot from High Noon (1952) was used as a Solidarity candidates trademark of the first independent elections in Poland in June 1989 ("There's a new sheriff in town")
78On 16 April 1958 he entered the Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital for a full face-lift and other cosmetic surgery by Dr John Converse, one of the leading plastic surgeons in America. Newspaper articles commenting on the effects of the operation said his face now looked quite different and the procedure had not been successful.
79Both of his parents were immigrants to America from England.
80He declined roles in The Big Trail (1930), Stagecoach (1939) and Red River (1948). All of these were subsequently played by John Wayne.
81Was close friends with Ernest Hemingway for 20 years. Hemingway shot himself a month after Cooper's death.
82He formed his own production company, Baroda Productions, in 1958. In 1959 the company made three of his more unusual films: The Hanging Tree (1959), They Came to Cordura (1959) and The Wreck of the Mary Deare (1959).
83He left America and Hollywood and didn't return for 18 months. During that time he was in Hawaii, Mexico and France and shot four films: Return to Paradise (1953), Blowing Wild (1953), Garden of Evil (1954) and Vera Cruz (1954).
84He wasn't present to receive his Academy Award in February 1953, for his portrayal of Marshal Will Kane in High Noon (1952). He asked John Wayne to accept it on his behalf.
85He turned down both Stagecoach (1939) and Gone with the Wind (1939).
86Took an acting class from Michael Chekhov
87In 1951, after 25 years in show business, his professional reputation declined and he was dropped from the Motion Picture Herald's list of the top 10 Box Office performers. The following year he made a big comeback at the age of 51 with High Noon (1952).
88Appeared in eight movies with Walter Brennan. These were Watch Your Wife (1926), The Wedding Night (1935), The Cowboy and the Lady (1938), The Westerner (1940), Meet John Doe (1941), Sergeant York (1941), The Pride of the Yankees (1942) and Task Force (1949).
89Appeared in three movies with Barbara Stanwyck, Ball of Fire (1941), Meet John Doe (1941) and Blowing Wild (1953).
90Howard Hawks directed him in three movies, Today We Live (1933), Ball of Fire (1941) and Sergeant York (1941).
91Appeared in two movies with Marlene Dietrich, Morocco (1930) and Desire (1936).
92Appeared in four movies with Fay Wray, The First Kiss (1928), The Legion of the Condemned (1928), The Texan (1930), One Sunday Afternoon (1933).
93Frank Capra directed him in two movies, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936) and Meet John Doe (1941).
94Cecil B. DeMille directed him in The Plainsman (1936), North West Mounted Police (1940), The Story of Dr. Wassell (1944) and Unconquered (1947).
95Sam Wood directed him in four movies, The Pride of the Yankees (1942), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943), Casanova Brown (1944) and Saratoga Trunk (1945).
96Starred in two movies with Teresa Wright, The Pride of the Yankees (1942) and Casanova Brown (1944).
97His father Charles Cooper died of pneumonia on September 18, 1946, three months after Gary completed Cloak and Dagger (1946) and three days after his father's 81st birthday.
98By 1942 he left Samuel Goldwyn and Paramount, then formed his own production company. On October 22, 1947, he signed with Warner Brothers to make films at $295,000 per picture.
99By June 1955 he had made 80 films from which studios earned $250 million, but he only earned $6 million in salary and percentages.
100He was a conservative Republican. He voted for Calvin Coolidge in 1924, and for Herbert Hoover in 1928 and 1932. He actively campaigned for Wendell Willkie in 1940, strongly believing that Franklin D. Roosevelt should serve no more than two terms of office, and endorsed Thomas E. Dewey in 1944.
101In 1944 he formed his own production company, International Pictures, with Samuel Goldwyn. His partners were Leo Spitz, William Goetz (who'd recently been ousted from 20th Century-Fox) and Nunnally Johnson. They only produced nine movies, two of which starred Cooper, Casanova Brown (1944) and Along Came Jones (1945). Then in 1946 they sold International Pictures to Universal Pictures, which changed its name to Universal-International.
102Has played six real-life characters on screen: Wild Bill Hickok, Marco Polo, Sgt. Alvin C. York, Lou Gehrig, Dr. Corydon M. Wassell and Gen. Billy Mitchell.
103Appeared on the cover of Life magazine March 3, 1941.
104He signed a six-year contract with Samuel Goldwyn Productions, to make six pictures at $150,000 per picture. At the time Paramount had legal rights to Cooper and threatened to sue. The two companies came to an understanding that Paramount would loan Cooper to Goldywn to make one picture a year from 1938-42.
105He starred in two movies that were based on novels by Ernest Hemingway: A Farewell to Arms (1932) and For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943).
106Named the #11 Greatest Actor on The 50 Greatest Screen Legends list by the American Film Institute
107He blew the harmonica and strummed the guitar; played backgammon and bridge; grew corn and avocados on the Encino ranch he bought in the early 1930s and loved to work with his tractor in the garden.
108His appetite was prodigious, but no matter how much he ate, he always remained thin. During his early years in Hollywood, working odd jobs and living with his parents, he said, he said with some comic exaggeration, that his "starvation diet at the time ran to no less than a dozen eggs a day, a couple of loaves of bread, a platter of bacon, and just enough pork chops between meals to keep me going until I got home for supper." His specialty on hunting trips was gargantuan: wild duck covered with bacon strips, enhanced by four eggs and steak. He could eat a cherry pie and drink a quart of milk for lunch.
109His mother's favorite movie of his is The Pride of the Yankees (1942).
110Has starred in a total number of 20 westerns, three of which were silent.
111Appeared in 107 movies, 82 of which he starred in. Only 16 of those were filmed in color. And he starred in 14 silent movies.
112He liked sports and kept in shape with hiking and riding, tennis and golf, archery and skiing, trout fishing and spear fishing, swimming and scuba diving and driving fast cars. He liked boxing.
113He was fond of dogs, at various times he owned boxers, Dobermans and Great Danes. He and his wife also raised Sealyhams.
114He was voted the 42nd Greatest Movie Star of all time by Premiere Magazine.
115Is mentioned in the song "La Dernière Séance" by Eddy Mitchell. He is also mentioned in the song "Putting on the Ritz.".
116He was voted the 18th Greatest Movie Star of all time by Entertainment Weekly.
117His Oscar-winning roles as Will Kane from High Noon (1952) and Sgt. Alvin York from Sergeant York (1941) were ranked #5 and #35 in the American Film Institute's Heroes list in their 100 years of The Greatest Screen Heroes and Villains.
118Despite his wholesome screen image, he was an infamous (and privately boastful) womanizer in reality, allegedly having had affairs with numerous and sometimes very famous leading ladies throughout his career. This was in spite of the fact that he had a faithful wife, Sandra, and that many of his lovers were also married.
119Father of Maria Cooper Janis.
120Upon seeing him, a professor in the theater department at Grinnell College recorded "shows no promise."
121Pictured on one of four 25¢ US commemorative postage stamps issued 23 March 1990 honoring classic films released in 1939. The stamp featured Cooper as the title character of Beau Geste (1939). The other films honored were Stagecoach (1939), The Wizard of Oz (1939), and Gone with the Wind (1939).
122Inducted into the Hall of Great Western Performers of the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum in 1966.
123Father-in-law of pianist and composer Byron Janis.
124Worked as a Yellowstone Park guide for several seasons before becoming an actor.
125Along with Mylène Demongeot, Cooper set in motion the first escalator to be installed in a cinema, at the Rex Theatre in Paris on June 7 1957.
126In the early 1930s his doctor told him he had been working too hard. Cooper went to Europe and stayed a lot longer than planned. When he returned, he was told there was now a "new" Gary Cooper--an unknown actor needed a better name for films, so the studio had reversed Gary Cooper's initials and created a name that sounded similar: Cary Grant.
127Hobbies: Fishing, hunting, riding, swimming, and taxidermy.


Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Desire1936Tom Bradley
Peter Ibbetson1935Peter Ibbetson
The Wedding Night1935Tony Barrett
The Lives of a Bengal Lancer1935Lt. Alan McGregor
Now and Forever1934Jerry Day
Operator 131934Capt. Jack Gailliard
Alice in Wonderland1933White Knight
Design for Living1933George Curtis
One Sunday Afternoon1933Biff Grimes
Today We Live1933Bogard
A Farewell to Arms1932Frederic
If I Had a Million1932Steve Gallagher
Devil and the Deep1932Lt. Sempter
Make Me a Star1932Gary Cooper (uncredited)
His Woman1931Captain Sam Whalan
I Take This Woman1931Tom McNair
City Streets1931The Kid
The Stolen Jools1931ShortNewspaper Editor
Fighting Caravans1931Clint Belmet
Morocco1930Légionnaire Tom Brown
The Spoilers1930Roy Glenister
Galas de la Paramount1930Hunter - Episode 'Dream Girl'
A Man from Wyoming1930Jim Baker
The Texan1930Enrique, aka 'Quico,' The Llano Kid
Paramount on Parade1930Hunter (Dream Girl)
Only the Brave1930Capt. James Braydon
Seven Days Leave1930Kenneth Downey
The Virginian1929The Virginian
Betrayal1929Andre Frey
The Wolf Song1929Sam Lash
The Shopworn Angel1928William Tyler
Half a Bride1928Capt. Edmunds
The First Kiss1928Mulligan Talbot
Lilac Time1928Capt. Philip Blythe
The Legion of the Condemned1928Gale Price
Doomsday1928Arnold Furze
Beau Sabreur1928Maj. Henri de Beaujolais
Nevada1927Nevada
The Last Outlaw1927Sheriff Buddy Hale (as Garry Cooper)
Wings1927Cadet White
Children of Divorce1927Edward D. 'Ted' Larrabee
Arizona Bound1927Dave Saulter
It1927Newspaper Reporter (uncredited)
Bad Man's Bluff1926Bit part (uncredited)
Old Ironsides1926Seaman (uncredited)
Lightnin' Flashes1926Short unconfirmed
The Winning of Barbara Worth1926Abe Lee
Lightnin' Wins1926ShortTom Harding
Thundering Speed1926Bit part (uncredited)
Watch Your Wife1926Bit part (uncredited)
A Six Shootin' Romance1926uncredited
The Johnstown Flood1926Flood Survivor (uncredited)
The Enchanted Hill1926Bit Part (uncredited)
Three Pals1926Car Driver Flirting with Betty (uncredited)
North Star1925Minor Role (uncredited)
Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ1925Roman Guard (uncredited)
Warrior Gap1925Bit part (uncredited)
Tricks1925Bit Role (uncredited)
The Eagle1925Masked Cossack (uncredited)
The Vanishing American1925Extra (uncredited)
The Lucky Horseshoe1925Unknown-Doubtful (uncredited)
Wild Horse Mesa1925Cowboy (uncredited)
The Drug Store Cowboy1925Cowboy Whose Horse is Being Shod (uncredited)
Riders of the Purple Sage1925Rider (uncredited)
The Thundering Herd1925Buffalo Hunter (uncredited)
The Trail Rider1925Rider (uncredited)
Dick Turpin1925Crowd Extra (uncredited)
The Last Hour1923Extra (unconfirmed, uncredited)
The Naked Edge1961George Radcliffe
The Wreck of the Mary Deare1959Gideon Patch
They Came to Cordura1959Major Thomas Thorn
Alias Jesse James1959Cowboy (uncredited)
The Hanging Tree1959Dr. Joseph 'Doc' Frail
Man of the West1958Link Jones
Ten North Frederick1958Joseph B. 'Joe' Chapin
Love in the Afternoon1957Frank Flannagan
Friendly Persuasion1956Jess Birdwell
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell1955Col. Billy Mitchell
Vera Cruz1954Benjamin Trane
Garden of Evil1954Hooker
Boum sur Paris1953Gary Cooper
Blowing Wild1953Jeff Dawson
Return to Paradise1953Mr. Morgan
Springfield Rifle1952Maj. Alex 'Lex' Kearney
High Noon1952Marshal Will Kane
Distant Drums1951Capt. Quincy Wyatt
Starlift1951Gary Cooper
It's a Big Country: An American Anthology1951Texas
You're in the Navy Now1951Lt. John W. Harkness
Dallas1950Blayde 'Reb' Hollister
Bright Leaf1950Brant Royle
Task Force1949Jonathan L. Scott
It's a Great Feeling1949Gary Cooper (uncredited)
The Fountainhead1949Howard Roark
Good Sam1948Sam Clayton
Unconquered1947Capt. Christopher Holden
Cloak and Dagger1946Prof. Alvah Jesper
Saratoga Trunk1945Colonel Clint Maroon
Along Came Jones1945Melody Jones
Casanova Brown1944Casanova (Cass) Brown
The Story of Dr. Wassell1944Dr. Corydon M. Wassell
For Whom the Bell Tolls1943Robert Jordan
The Pride of the Yankees1942Lou Gehrig
Ball of Fire1941Prof. Bertram Potts
Sergeant York1941Alvin C. York
Meet John Doe1941John Doe
North West Mounted Police1940Dusty Rivers
The Westerner1940Cole Harden
The Real Glory1939Dr. Bill Canavan
Beau Geste1939Beau Geste
The Cowboy and the Lady1938Stretch
The Adventures of Marco Polo1938Marco Polo
Bluebeard's Eighth Wife1938Michael Brandon
Souls at Sea1937Michael 'Nuggin' Taylor
The Plainsman1936Wild Bill Hickok
The General Died at Dawn1936O'Hara
Hollywood Boulevard1936Gary Cooper- Actor at Trocadero Bar (uncredited)
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town1936Longfellow Deeds

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Jack Benny Program1958TV Series performer - 1 episode
Friendly Persuasion1956performer: "Marry Me, Marry Me" 1956
Starlift1951performer: "Look Out, Stranger, I'm a Texas Ranger" - uncredited
Task Force1949performer: "Abdulla Bulbul Amir" - uncredited
Good Sam1948performer: "I've Been Redeemed", "Let Me Call You Sweetheart" 1910 - uncredited
Variety Girl1947"HARMONY"
Along Came Jones1945"On Top of Old Smoky", uncredited / performer: "Round and Round", "Old Joe Clark" - uncredited
The Pride of the Yankees1942"Always" 1925, uncredited / music: "Always" 1925 - uncredited / performer: "Always" 1925 - uncredited
Meet John Doe1941performer: "March of the Swiss Soldiers" 1829 - uncredited
The Cowboy and the Lady1938performer: "Give a Man a Horse He Can Ride", "Annie Laurie" ca 1834 - uncredited
Bluebeard's Eighth Wife1938performer: "Here Comes Cookie" 1935 - uncredited
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town1936"Humoresque, Op. 101/7" 1894, uncredited / performer: "Old Folks at Home Swanee River" 1851 - uncredited
Desire1936performer: "I'm Driving a Bronson 8"
The Wedding Night1935performer: "Trail to Mexico Bury Me Not on the Lone Prairie" - uncredited
The Lives of a Bengal Lancer1935"The Man on the Flying Trapeze" 1868, uncredited
Design for Living1933"The Star Spangled Banner" 1814, uncredited
One Sunday Afternoon1933performer: "Bill Bailey, Won't You Please Come Home?" 1902, "Good-Bye, Little Girl, Good-Bye" 1904 - uncredited

Producer

Producer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Along Came Jones1945producer
Casanova Brown1944producer - uncredited

Stunts

Stunts

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Enchanted Hill1926stunts - uncredited

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
O Ornitólogo2016thanks
Monty Python and the Holy Grail1975thanks

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Project XX1961TV Series documentaryNarrator
The 32nd Annual Academy Awards1960TV SpecialHimself - Presenter: Best Picture
Hedda Hopper's Hollywood1960TV Movie documentaryHimself
Press Conference1959TV SeriesHimself
This Week1959TV SeriesHimself
What's My Line?1959TV SeriesHimself - Mystery Guest
Premier Khrushchev in the USA1959DocumentaryHimself
The 31st Annual Academy Awards1959TV SpecialHimself - Presenter: Best Director
Perry Como's Kraft Music Hall1959TV SeriesHimself
Glamorous Hollywood1958Documentary shortHimself
The Jack Benny Program1958TV SeriesHimself
Wide Wide World1958TV Series documentaryHimself
The 30th Annual Academy Awards1958TV SpecialHimself - Presenter: Best Picture
Hollywood Glamour on Ice1957ShortHimself
The Ed Sullivan Show1953-1957TV SeriesHimself
Cinépanorama1956-1957TV Series documentaryHimself
Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Premiere1955ShortHimself
The 26th Annual Academy Awards1954TV SpecialHimself - Presenter: Best Actress in a Leading Role
Snow Carnival1949ShortHimself / Narrator
Screen Snapshots: Motion Picture Mothers, Inc.1949ShortHimself
Variety Girl1947Himself
Memo for Joe1944Short documentaryHimself
Hedda Hopper's Hollywood No. 31942Documentary shortHimself (uncredited)
Screen Snapshots Series 19, No 6: Hollywood Recreations1940Documentary shortHimself
Screen Snapshots: Seeing Hollywood1940Documentary shortHimself - Rodeo Spectator
Lest We Forget1937ShortHimself
La Fiesta de Santa Barbara1935ShortHimself
Screen Snapshots Series 14, No. 81935Documentary shortHimself
Star Night at the Cocoanut Grove1934ShortHimself
The Hollywood Gad-About1934Documentary shortHimself (uncredited)
Hollywood on Parade No. B-61934ShortHimself
Hollywood on Parade No. A-131933ShortHimself
The Voice of Hollywood No. 13 (Second Series)1932ShortHimself
Paramount op parade1930Himself
A Trip Through the Paramount Studio1927Documentary shortHimself

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
I Am Not Your Negro2016DocumentaryFrank Flannagan
Leslie Howard: The Man Who Gave a Damn2016DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Duels2015TV Series documentary
Inside Edition2014TV Series documentaryLou Gehrig - Pride of the Yankees
And the Oscar Goes To...2014TV Movie documentaryHimself - Actor
Adieu Gary2009Link Jones / Benjamin Trane (uncredited)
Elvis Mitchell: Under the Influence2008TV SeriesAlvin C. York in 'Sergeant York'
Hollywood contra Franco2008DocumentaryRobert Jordan
How the West Was Lost2008TV Movie documentaryMarshal Will Kane (uncredited)
Blue Skies Beyond the Looking Glass2008Short
Paris Hilton Inc.: The Selling of Celebrity2007TV Movie documentaryHimself
Amérique, notre histoire2006TV Movie documentaryHimself
Unsere Besten2006TV SeriesVarious Roles
Private Screenings2006TV SeriesAlvin York - 'Sergeant York'
Billy Wilder Speaks2006TV Movie documentaryHimself
Gary Cooper Off Camera: A Daughter Remembers2005Video documentaryHimself
Cineastas contra magnates2005DocumentaryLink Jones (in "Man of the West") (uncredited)
Man on the Medal: The Life and Work of Ski Legend Dick Durrance2004Himself
American Masters2001-2003TV Series documentaryHimself
Biography1998-2003TV Series documentaryHimself
Complicated Women2003TV Movie documentaryHimself
City Confidential2002TV Series documentaryHimself
Meine Schwester Maria2002DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
The Wonderful World of Disney2001TV SeriesHimself
ABC 2000: The Millennium1999TV Special documentary
Clara Bow: Discovering the It Girl1999TV Movie documentaryHimself / Various Roles (uncredited)
Film Breaks1999TV Series documentaryJohn Doe
The 20th Century: A Moving Visual History1999TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
Cold War1998TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
Judy Garland's Hollywood1997Video documentary
The Silver Screen: Color Me Lavender1997DocumentaryHimself
Legends of Entertainment Video1995Video documentaryHimself
The Life and Times of Gary Cooper1995TV MovieHimself
The Celluloid Closet1995DocumentaryApplauds Marlene Dietrich (uncredited)
The First 100 Years: A Celebration of American Movies1995TV Movie documentaryHimself
Sprockets1995TV SeriesJohn Doe
Things That Aren't Here Anymore1995TV Movie documentaryHimself
100 Years at the Movies1994TV Short documentaryHimself
The Making of 'High Noon'1992Video short documentaryHimself (uncredited)
Citizen Cohn1992TV MovieHimself (uncredited)
How to Become a Hollywood Stuntman1991Video documentaryHimself - Cowboy becomes leading man
Barbara Stanwyck: Fire and Desire1991TV Movie documentaryHimself
Hollywood Mavericks1990DocumentaryHoward Roark
Gary Cooper: American Life, American Legend1989DocumentaryHimself
The 1950's: Music, Memories & Milestones1988Video documentaryHimself
Cinema Paradiso1988Lt. Frederic Henry (uncredited)
Entertaining the Troops1988DocumentaryHimself
Happy Birthday, Bob: 50 Stars Salute Your 50 Years with NBC1988TV SpecialHimself
The Rock 'n' Roll Years1985TV SeriesHimself
Going Hollywood: The '30s1984Documentary
TV's Funniest Game Show Moments1984TV SpecialHimself
Ingrid1984DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Showbiz Goes to War1982TV Movie
Hollywood1980TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
Has Anybody Here Seen Canada? A History of Canadian Movies 1939-19531979TV Movie documentaryHimself - Oscars, 1942, with Irene Dunne (uncredited)
The Last Remake of Beau Geste1977Beau Geste
America at the Movies1976DocumentaryAlvin C. York Jess Birdwell Marshall Will Kane
Canciones para después de una guerra1976DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Hollywood on Trial1976DocumentaryHimself
Brother Can You Spare a Dime1975Documentary
ABC Late Night1975TV SeriesHimself - Mystery Guest
Petticoat Junction1968TV SeriesCadet White
Hollywood My Home Town1965DocumentaryHimself
The Love Goddesses1965DocumentaryHimself
Wayne and Shuster Take an Affectionate Look At...1965TV Series documentary
Hollywood and the Stars1963-1964TV SeriesHimself
The Ed Sullivan Show1952-1963TV SeriesHimself / Billy Mitchell - scene from 'The Court Martial of Billy Mitchell'
Project XX1960-1963TV Series documentaryHimself / Himself - Actor
Hollywood: The Great Stars1963TV Movie documentaryActor 'Morocco' (uncredited)
Hollywood Without Make-Up1963DocumentaryHimself
Hollywood: The Fabulous Era1962TV Movie documentaryHimself
Lykke og krone1962DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Hollywood: The Golden Years1961TV Movie documentaryHimself (uncredited)
I 10 del Texas1961
The DuPont Show of the Week1961TV SeriesHimself
History Brought to Life1950Documentary shortMarco Polo in The Adventures of Marco Polo (uncredited)
The Army Nurse1945ShortHimself
The Voice That Thrilled the World1943ShortHimself (segment "Sergeant York") (uncredited)
Breakdowns of 19411941ShortHimself (uncredited)
Land of Liberty1939
Screen Snapshots Series 17, No. 11937Documentary shortHimself
Screen Snapshots Series 16, No. 111937Documentary shortHimself
Broadway Highlights No. 11935ShortFilm Clip Character
March of the Movies1933Himself, film clip (uncredited)
Hollywood on Parade No. B-51933ShortHimself (uncredited)
Hollywood on Parade No. A-121933ShortHimself (uncredited)
The Spider's Net1927Undetermined Role

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
2009OFTA Film Hall of FameOnline Film & Television AssociationActing
1962Bronze WranglerWestern Heritage AwardsFactual Television ProgramProject XX (1954)· Donald B. Hyatt (producer)
· Philip H. Reisman Jr. (writer)
1961Honorary AwardAcademy Awards, USA

For his many memorable screen performances and the international recognition he, as an individual, ... More

1961Career DavidDavid di Donatello Awards
1960Golden LaurelLaurel AwardsTop Action PerformanceThey Came to Cordura (1959)
1960Star on the Walk of FameWalk of FameMotion PictureOn 8 February 1960. At 6243 Hollywood Blvd.
1959Golden LaurelLaurel AwardsTop Action PerformanceThe Hanging Tree (1959)
1953OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Actor in a Leading RoleHigh Noon (1952)
1953Golden GlobeGolden Globes, USABest Actor - DramaHigh Noon (1952)
1953Most Popular Male StarPhotoplay AwardsHigh Noon (1952)
1947Sour AppleGolden Apple AwardsLeast Cooperative Actor
1942OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Actor in a Leading RoleSergeant York (1941)
1941NYFCC AwardNew York Film Critics Circle AwardsBest ActorSergeant York (1941)

Nominated awards

Nominated awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1959Golden LaurelLaurel AwardsTop Male Star7th place.
1958Golden LaurelLaurel AwardsTop Male Star6th place.
1957Golden GlobeGolden Globes, USABest Actor - DramaFriendly Persuasion (1956)
1944OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Actor in a Leading RoleFor Whom the Bell Tolls (1943)
1943OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Actor in a Leading RoleThe Pride of the Yankees (1942)
1937OscarAcademy Awards, USABest Actor in a Leading RoleMr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936)

3rd place awards

3rd place awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1937NYFCC AwardNew York Film Critics Circle AwardsBest ActorMr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936)

TitleSalary
The Naked Edge (1961)$275,000
The Wreck of the Mary Deare (1959)$275,000
They Came to Cordura (1959)$275,000
The Hanging Tree (1959)$275,000
Man of the West (1958)$295,000
Ten North Frederick (1958)$295,000
Love in the Afternoon (1957)$295,000
Friendly Persuasion (1956)$295,000
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell (1955)$295,000
Vera Cruz (1954)$500,000 + 10% gross
Garden of Evil (1954)$300,000
Blowing Wild (1953)$295,000
Return to Paradise (1953)$295,000
Springfield Rifle (1952)$295,000
High Noon (1952)$60,000 + % Profits
Distant Drums (1951)$295,000
You're in the Navy Now (1951)$295,000
Dallas (1950)$295,000
Bright Leaf (1950)$295,000
Task Force (1949)$295,000
The Fountainhead (1949)$295,000
Good Sam (1948)$250,000
Unconquered (1947)$300,000 + 10% of gross
Cloak and Dagger (1946)$200,000
Saratoga Trunk (1945)$200,000
Along Came Jones (1945)$150,000 + % Points
Casanova Brown (1944)$150,000 + % Points
The Story of Dr. Wassell (1944)$200,500
For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943)$150,000
The Pride of the Yankees (1942)$150,000
Ball of Fire (1941)$150,000
Sergeant York (1941)$150,000
Meet John Doe (1941)$150,000
North West Mounted Police (1940)$150,000
The Westerner (1940)$150,000
The Real Glory (1939)$150,000
Beau Geste (1939)$150,000
The Cowboy and the Lady (1938)$150,000
The Adventures of Marco Polo (1938)$150,000
Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1938)$150,000
Souls at Sea (1937)$370,000
The Plainsman (1936)$90,000
The General Died at Dawn (1936)$90,000
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936)$90,000
Desire (1936)$93,000
Peter Ibbetson (1935)$124,000
The Wedding Night (1935)$124,000
Now and Forever (1934)$129,000
Operator 13 (1934)$3,000 /week
Design for Living (1933)$44,000
One Sunday Afternoon (1933)$44,000
Today We Live (1933)$44,000
A Farewell to Arms (1932)$2,500 /week
If I Had a Million (1932)$30,000
His Woman (1931)$7,000
I Take This Woman (1931)$7,000
City Streets (1931)$7,000
Fighting Caravans (1931)$8,000
Morocco (1930)$6,625
The Spoilers (1930)$5,000
A Man from Wyoming (1930)$5,000
The Texan (1930)$5,000
Only the Brave (1930)$5,000
Seven Days Leave (1930)$5,000
The Virginian (1929)$3,400 /week
The Wolf Song (1929)$750 /week
Beau Sabreur (1928)$150 /week
Nevada (1927)$150 /week
Wings (1927)$150 /week
Arizona Bound (1927)$150 /week
It (1927)$10
The Winning of Barbara Worth (1926)$50 /week
Lightnin' Wins (1926)$50
The Lucky Horseshoe (1925)$20 /day
The Drug Store Cowboy (1925)$20

#Quote
1For me the really satisfying things I do are offered me, free, for nothing. Ever go out in the fall and do a little hunting? See the frost on the grass and the leaves turning? Spend a day in the hills alone, or with good companions? Watch a sunset and a moon rise? Notice a bird in the wind? A stream in the woods, a storm at sea, cross the country by train, and catch a glimpse of something beautiful in the desert, or the farmlands? Free to everybody.
2Once in a while I like a good western. Gives me a chance to shoot off guns.
3[23 October 1947] Several years ago, when communism was more of a social chit-chatter in parties for offices, and so on when communism didn't have the implications that it has now, discussion of communism was more open and I remember hearing statements from some folks to the effect that the communistic system had a great many features that were desirable. It offered the actors and artists - in other words, the creative people - a special place in government where we would be somewhat immune from the ordinary leveling of income. And as I remember, some actor's name was mentioned to me who had a house in Moscow which was very large - he had three cars, and stuff, with his house being quite a bit larger than my house in Beverly Hills at the time - and it looked to me like a pretty phony come-on to us in the picture business. From that time on, I could never take any of this pinko mouthing very seriously, because I didn't feel it was on the level.
4[on turning down the role of Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind (1939)] Rhett Butler was one of the best roles ever offered in Hollywood and my screen character saw himself emerging from the film as a dashing-type fellow. But I said no. I didn't see myself as quite that dashing, and later, when I saw Clark Gable play the role to perfection, I knew I was right.
5[on Grace Kelly] She was very serious about her work, had her eyes and ears open. She was trying to learn, you could see that. You can tell if a person really wants to be an actress. She was one of those people you could get that feeling about, and she was very pretty. It didn't surprise me when she was a big success.
6[on Josef von Sternberg] It was apparent that von Sternberg and Marlene Dietrich had a very close professional relationship. But it was only, in my experience, professional, without any love element. I got along with von Sternberg reasonably well, as all his direction and his instructions were given to Marlene, and the rest of us were left more or less to do as well as we could. I cannot remember that he ever told me how to play a scene.
7[on Rio Bravo (1959)] It's so phony, nobody believes in it.
8(at a Friars Club testimonial dinner in 1961) If you asked me if I'm the luckiest guy in the world, all I can say is, "Yup".
9[to Robert Taylor after both had appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947] I got a much bigger hand than you did.
10[following a 1943 USO tour to New Guinea] There's no coin in Hollywood, rich as it is, that can pay a fellow the way I've been paid for my little effort on behalf of the G.I.s out there. It was the greatest emotional experience of my life.
11[October 1947] I feel very strongly that actors haven't any business at all to shoot their faces off about things I know we know very little about.
12[on Hollywood] This is a terrible place to spend your life in. Nobody in Hollywood is normal. Absolutely nobody. And they have such a vicious attitude toward one another . . . They say much worse things about each other than outsiders say about them, and nobody has any real friends.
13Having to work hard never had any real appeal for me, and that may have some connection with me being in the movies.
14Movie acting is a pretty silly business for a man because it takes less training, less ability and less brains to be successful in it than any other business I can think of.
15Naturally, the nearer the character you play comes to the character you are, the more authenticity you give it. You are not acting so much as being. The result is realism.
16[in 1958, on "Method" actors] It is hard to dig them because they move like hermit crabs - they have to have a shell to crawl into and they don't want anyone to get to know them . . . They are offbeat and strange and always thinking about themselves. They are always asking themselves, "Where do I fit in; what's in it for me?" These youngsters are doing it the hard way. They make a thorough study of being natural and being unnatural. The girls go around looking like they're made up for a death scene in a hospital room. I don't know why if a girl goes out in public she wants to make herself look ugly instead of a little bit attractive.
17[1952] I like and admire Carl Foreman and am delighted to be in business with him.
18[1960] Nothing I've done lately, the past eight years or so, has been especially worthwhile. I've been coasting along. Some of the pictures I've made recently I'm genuinely sorry about. Either I did a sloppy job in them, or the story wasn't right.
19[October 1947] I have turned down quite a few scripts because I thought they were tinged with Communistic ideas.
20[after Clark Gable ended up with the role of Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind (1939)] "Gone with the Wind" is going to be the biggest flop in history.
21In my whole life I've never had a woman so much in love with me as Ingrid Bergman was. The day after the picture [For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943) ended, I couldn't get her on the phone.
22I've had lines on my face since I was twenty. Wind and sun put them there.
23[after visiting Nazi Germany in 1938] There's no question in my mind that those people want to have a war. They're determined to be a world power and seem to feel that's the only way to become one. Those storm troopers are awesome. The atmosphere in Berlin - well, I've never sensed such tension.
24[on Cary Grant] I say he's a crack comedian, and isn't competition for me at all.
25[in 1960] People hang on after they should quit, because the urge to act stays with you. Sometimes in the middle of a scene I find myself saying a piece of dialog from 15 years ago. I've thought of retiring lots of times, but then I think I would just go nuts, and probably spend all my time searching for a really great Western script.
26Naturalness is hard to talk about, but I guess it boils down to this: You find out what people expect of your type of character and then you give them what they want. That way an actor never seems unnatural or affected no matter what role he plays.
27I put in a call to Clark Gable to tell him about some deer I'd heard were running loose up in the Canadian Rockies. I was told he was on location . . . in Hong Kong. I called Robert Taylor. He was on location, too, in Italy, unless he had finished there and gone to England. James Stewart was in Africa. In the old days a company that went as far away as Texas was thought to be forsaking civilization for good. Today these countries are just part of the Hollywood scene and it's as [William Shakespeare said, "All the world's a stage".
28[asked if he ever wanted to act on the stage] Not since I was at Grinnell. When I gave them the story that I was trying to do a Broadway play, I must have been desperate for publicity. I figured it didn't matter what I said. I learned very early that nothing you ever say gets quoted verbatim by the press. So for many years I may have clammed up, but I guess I've reached an age where I don't particularly care. Anyway, I talk.
29All this business about me never saying anything is a piece of crap.
30You've got to have a fire under you, and when you're beginning, you've got one all the time. After you get established, you have to create your own fire, and it's never easy.
31[on Sergeant York (1941)] I liked the role because I was portraying a good, sound American character.
32[on his fellow actors] I've been with some good ones, but maybe the best was Franchot Tone. I made two pictures with him and he stole both of them. Something went wrong with how he was handled; or who knows, maybe it was Joan Crawford. But he had everything - great at comedy and also at serious stuff if given the chance. Now The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935) is one hell of a picture, but you could take me right out of it and it would still be one. But it couldn't be much without Tone.
33I suppose one of the most important things about real beauty is intelligence, and real womanliness - it's a combination of intelligence and all the instincts of womanhood, motherhood, and the beauty of girlhood. These things all sort of go in together, and they are in so many people who are not reputed beauties.
34I don't like to see exaggerated airs and exploding egos in people who are already established. No player ever rises to prominence solely on talent. They're molded by forces other than themselves. They should remember this - and at least twice a week drop to their knees and thank Providence for elevating them from cow ranches, dime store ribbon counters and bookkeeping desks.
35The only achievement I am really proud of is the friends I have made in this community.
36Nan Collins, my manager, came from Gary, Indiana, and suggested I adopt that name. She felt it was more exciting than Frank. I figured I'd give it a try. Good thing she didn't come from Poughkeepsie.
37My whole career has been one of extreme good fortune. I think I'm an average actor . . . In acting you can do something and maybe . . . some people think it's fine, but you know inside of you that it can be done better . . . You don't feel that you really attained a goal in the acting business; you always feel that you're still learning.
38[1956] A man like Arthur Miller, he's got a gripe against certain phases of American life. I think he's done a lot of bad. Ours is a pretty good country and I don't think we ought to run it down. Sure there are fellows like Willy Loman, but you don't have to write plays about them.
39[in April 1961] Please make sure everyone knows how much their messages mean to me. They have added greatly to my peace of mind. I only wish some of the writers would take a more positive approach to the menace of cancer. I've got it, sure; but I'm not afraid to use the word. Some of them act like it's a dirty word. That's the wrong attitude. We should all bring it out in the open, recognize that it exists - and fight it! Cancer is everybody's enemy. We can't "think" an enemy out of existence by ignoring it.
40[on banning the Communist party in the US] I think it would be a good idea, although I have never read Karl Marx and I don't know the basis of Communism, beyond what I have picked up from hearsay. From what I hear, I don't like it because it isn't on the level.
41[February, 1942, accepting his Academy Award for Sergeant York (1941) from James Stewart] It was Sergeant Alvin York [Alvin C. York] who won this award. Because to the best of my ability, I tried to be Sergeant York. Shucks, I've been in the business 16 years and sometimes dreamed I might get one of these things. That's all I can say . . . Funny, when I was dreaming I always made a good speech.
42[in 1931] I haven't read a half a dozen books in my life.
43People ask me how come you've been around so long. Well, it's through playing the part of Mr Average Joe American.
44To get folks to like you, I figured you had to sort of be their ideal. I don't mean a handsome knight riding a white horse, but a fellow who answered the description of a right guy.
45If you hit the mark with two out of every five movies you'll keep the wheels of the cycle turning.
46Until I came along all the leading men were handsome, but luckily they wrote a lot of stories about the fellow next door.

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1Slow, very deliberate delivery
2Roles in westerns

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