British biochemist who’s the initial scientist to win the Nobel Prize for Chemistry twice. He helped determine the bottom sequences in nucleic acids as well as the framework of proteins. Being a Quaker he was granted unconditional exemption from armed forces service during Globe War II being a conscientious objector. He was the initial scientist to series insulin. He previously three children along with his wife Margaret Joan Howe. He earned the Nobel Award double like Linus Pauling.