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Ernest Hemingway

Biography

American modernist author whose most well-known works are the Old Guy and the ocean, A Farewell to Hands, as well as for Whom the Bell Tolls. A Nobel Prize-winning writer from the “Lost Era,” Hemingway became known for both his exciting way of life and his eloquently sparse literary visual. He was an athletic teen who participated in boxing, monitor and field, drinking water polo, and soccer. Following his senior high school graduation, he worked well briefly like a reporter for The Kansas Town Star and consequently offered as an ambulance drivers around the Italian front side of World Battle I. He published about his personal travel and war-time encounters in a hardcore, succinct writing design that he referred to as the “Iceberg Theory.” He thought that only some from the deep indicating in his text message– just like the suggestion of the iceberg increasing from under the drinking water– was instantly evident towards the audience. He wedded his first wife, Elizabeth Hadley Richardson, in 1921. He remaining her in 1927 for Pauline Pfeiffer and continued to get two even more wives, Martha Gellhorn and Mary Welsh, ahead of his 1961 suicide. Completely he previously three sons, called Jack port, Gregory and Patrick. He was both an admirer along with a drinking friend of Wayne Joyce.

Quick Facts


Full Name Ernest Hemingway
Date Of Birth July 21, 1899
Died July 2, 1961, Ketchum, Idaho, United States
Place Of Birth Oak Park, IL
Height 1.83 m
Profession Novelist
Education Oak Park and River Forest High School
Nationality American
Spouse Mary Welsh Hemingway, Martha Gellhorn, Pauline Pfeiffer, Hadley Richardson
Children Jack Hemingway, Gregory Hemingway, Patrick Hemingway
Parents Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, Grace Hall-Hemingway
Siblings Leicester Hemingway, Marcelline Hemingway Sanford, Ursula Hemingway, Carol Hemingway, Madelaine Hemingway
Awards Nobel Prize in Literature, Bronze Star Medal, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
Nominations National Book Award for Fiction
Movies Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man, The Killers, The Old Man and the Sea, A Farewell to Arms, The Sun Also Rises, For Whom the Bell Tolls, The Breaking Point, The Macomber Affair, The Spanish Earth, To Have and Have Not, Captain Khorshid, The Gun Runners, The Snows of Kilimanjaro, Islands in the Stream, Under My Skin, Women & Men: Stories of Seduction, My Old Man, The Garden of Eden, After the Storm, Spain in Flames, The Sea, Soldier's Home, Vrasësit, Baby Shoes, For Sale
Star Sign Cancer

  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

#Fact
1 Some sources suggest that his suicide was brought on by the memory-loss side-effects of an ECT treatment for depression interfering with his ability to write.
2 His granddaughter Mariel Hemingway co-starred in Woody Allen's movies Manhattan (1979) and Deconstructing Harry (1997). Allen later depicted Ernest Hemingway himself in Midnight in Paris (2011).
3 When he died in 1961, his estate consisted of $418,933 in various stocks and bonds, $801,766 in real estate, and $189,611 in notes, cash, and mortgages.
4 Journalist Hunter S. Thompson was an admirer of Hemingway and his writing. Thomnpson wrote an article about Hemingway's later life and death titled, "What Lured Hemingway to Ketcham". The article can be found in Thompson's book, "The Great Shark Hunt".
5 Although it was not used, he proposed the following epitaph for his tombstone: "Pardon me for not getting up.".
6 The city of Key West, Florida, has an Ernest Hemingway lookalike contest every year.
7 Much of his writing reflects his dissatisfaction with modern culture.
8 Hemingway, perhaps the most prominent of the American supporters of the Spanish Republic during its struggle against the fascist rebellion led by Gen. Francisco Franco's Falangists--heavily supported by the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler--said that Alvah Bessie's Spanish Civil War novel "Men in Battle" (1939) was one of the best war novels of its time. Hemingway's own Spanish Civil War novel, "For Whom the Bell Tolls" (1943), won the 1940 Pulitzer Prize for fiction and was a best-seller.
9 Long considered a likely Nobel Laureate for Literature, Hemingway was disappointed when in 1950, William Faulkner became the first American writer of their generation to cop the Prize. Hemingway's 1949 novel "Across the River and Into the Trees" (1949) had been a notable failure, and likely cost him the honor of being the first American since Eugene O'Neill won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938. Hemingway returned to his original, simple style for The Old Man and the Sea (1958), his 1952 novella that won him the Pulitzer Prize. After two plane crashes gave him the opportunity to read his own obituary, he finally won the Nobel Prize in 1954, in large part due to the extraordinary success of "Old Man". Hemingway himself was initially involved in the production of his book, although the extent of his participation after selling his book was to go marlin-fishing off the coast of Peru to try to find a fish worthy enough for the picture. In the end, the producers used a rubber marlin and stock footage of marlin fishing in which Hemingway didn't participate in. After seeing the film, Ernest Hemingway expressed his disappointment and said that Spencer Tracy looked less the Cuban peasant fisherman and more the rich old actor that he was. Tracy won an Oscar nomination for the role.
10 He admired Russian writers Ivan Turgenev, Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Anton Chekhov among others.
11 He was married four times, and dedicated a book for each wife during the time he was married to them.
12 One son, Jack Hemingway with first wife; two sons, Patrick and Gregory, with second. Only Patrick survives as of this writing (June 2005).
13 His house in Key West, Florida, where he wrote a good deal of his literature, is now a museum in his honor. One other interesting note about the house is that the lineage of cats that live there hereditarily have six toes on each foot, going back to Hemmingway's own cats.
14 Hemingway suffered from bipolar disorder, then known as manic depression, and was treated with electroshock therapy at the Menninger Clinic. The therapy, he claimed, had destroyed his memory, which was essential to a writer, and he told his friend A.E. Hotchner that his memory loss was one of the reasons he no longer wanted to live. The condition was hereditary: Hemingway's father Clarence likely suffered from it, as did at least one of his sisters, Ursula, and his only brother, Leicester, as did one of his sons, Gregory, and his granddaughter Margaux. In addition to Ernest, Hemingway's father Clarence, his siblings Ursula and Leicester, and his granddaughter Margaux all committed suicide. His son Gregory died in police custody after being picked up in a stupor shortly after a sex change operation.
15 A.E. Hotchner, in his 1966 memoir of his friendship with "Papa Hemingway", reports that the great writer chose him in the late 1950s as his emissary to Hollywood to sell the Nick Adams stories. Hemingway, hobbled by mental illness and bad health, wanted an unprecedented $1 million for the movie rights to the stories, but Hotchner was only able to get him $100,000. The stories are the basis for Martin Ritt's film Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man (1962), which came out the year after Papa's death. Hotchner wrote the screenplay, as he did for the tele-play The Seven Lively Arts: The World of Nick Adams (1957).
16 Unlike his great contemporaries F. Scott Fitzgerald, William Faulkner and John Steinbeck, Hemingway never wrote for the movies, but he had no objection to selling his novels and short stories for good prices to producers.
17 Grandfather of actresses Mariel Hemingway, Margaux Hemingway and Joan Hemingway.
18 It's estimated Hemingway left behind over 8,000 personal and business letters, and plans were announced in May 2002 to attempt to collect and publish most of them in a set that could exceed 10 volumes.
19 For a man who survived two plane crashes, it's somewhat ironic that he would take his own life in the end. He is the grandfather of sister actresses Mariel Hemingway and the late Margaux Hemingway (also a suicide, in 1996, as was her great-grandfather, Ernest's father).
20 Pictured on a 25¢ US commemorative postage stamp in the Literary Arts series, issued 17 July 1989.
21 Born at 8:0am-CST
22 Was awarded the 1954 Nobel prize in literature.


Writer

Writer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
For Whom the Bell Tolls: Recording of an Opera in Progress 2016 Short book by
Duels 2016 TV Series documentary letters - 1 episode
Vrasësit 2014 Short original story
Abrupt Ending 2014 Short original story
Ernest Hemingway's Out of Season 2014 Short original story
The Killers II 2013 Short novel
The Killers 2013 Short short story
White Elephants 2012 Short short story
Baby Shoes 2012 Short short story
Cat in the Rain 2011 Short short story
A Clean, Well-Lighted Place 2010 Short original story
Today Is Friday 2010 Short
The Killers 2009/I Short story
Los asesinos 2009 Short short story
Hills 2009 Short short story
Ubice 2008 Short novel
Gifts Like White Elephants 2008 Short story
The Garden of Eden 2008 novel
A Clean, Well-Lighted Place 2008 Short story
Bokser ide u raj 2007 Short story "Killers"
A Clean, Well-Lighted Place 2007 Short
Nochnoy ekspress 2006 Short short story
Killarna - en far og seks syv brødre 2006 Documentary short story "The Killers"
Los asesinos 2006 Short story "The Killers"
The Sea Change 2006 Short based on the story by
A Clean, Well-lighted Place 2005 Short original story
God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen 2005 Short story
Hills Like White Elephants 2002 Short short story
A Clean, Well-Lighted Place 2002 story
After the Storm 2001 TV Movie story
The Old Man and the Sea 1999 Short novel
Mia hara 1995 Short short story
Un lugar limpio y bien iluminado 1991 Short story "The Killers"
Women and Men: Stories of Seduction 1990 TV Movie story "Hills Like White Elephants"
The Old Man and the Sea 1990 TV Movie novel
Nakhoda Khorshid 1987 novel "To Have and Have Not"
The Sun Also Rises 1984 TV Mini-Series novel
Best of Friends 1981 TV Movie story "Three Day Blow"
My Old Man 1979 TV Movie story
Soldier's Home 1977 TV Short story
Islands in the Stream 1977 story
Peta kolona 1973 TV Movie
Fiesta 1971 TV Movie novel
A Farewell to Arms 1966 TV Mini-Series novel - 3 episodes
For Whom the Bell Tolls 1965 TV Series novel "For Whom the Bell Tolls" - 4 episodes
The Killers 1964 story
Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man 1962 stories
Adeus 1961 TV Series novel "A Farewell to Arms"
Njeriu kurrë nuk vdes 1961 Short novel
Buick-Electra Playhouse 1959-1960 TV Series story - 4 episodes
The Gambler, the Nun and the Radio 1960 TV Movie story
The Snows of Kilimanjaro 1960 TV Movie story
The Fifth Column 1960 TV Movie play
Playhouse 90 1959 TV Series story - 2 episodes
The Old Man and the Sea 1958 novel
The Gun Runners 1958 novel "To Have and Have Not"
Kraft Theatre 1958 TV Series story - 1 episode
A Farewell to Arms 1957 novel
The Seven Lively Arts 1957 TV Series stories - 1 episode
The Sun Also Rises 1957 novel
Lux Video Theatre 1957 TV Series novel - 1 episode
Cheyenne 1956 TV Series novel - 1 episode
Teledrama 1956 TV Series novel - 1 episode
The Killers 1956 Short short story - as E. Hemingway
Playwrights '56 1955 TV Series story - 1 episode
Robert Montgomery Presents 1955 TV Series story "The Killers" - 1 episode
Climax! 1955 TV Series novel - 1 episode
Omnibus 1953 TV Series story - 2 episodes
The Snows of Kilimanjaro 1952 short story - uncredited
Schlitz Playhouse 1952 TV Series story - 1 episode
The Breaking Point 1950 novel "To Have and Have Not"
Under My Skin 1950 story
The Macomber Affair 1947 story "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber"
The Killers 1946 from the story by
To Have and Have Not 1944 novel "To Have and Have Not"
For Whom the Bell Tolls 1943 from the celebrated novel by
The Spanish Earth 1937 Documentary English narration - part two
A Farewell to Arms 1932 novel

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Sea 1958

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Reader 2008 acknowledgment: The Old Man and the Sea by

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Project XX 1963 TV Series documentary Homemovie footage
Hedda Hopper's Hollywood No. 3 1942 Documentary short Himself (uncredited)
The Spanish Earth 1937 Documentary Narrator (English version) (voice, uncredited)

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Duels 2016 TV Series documentary Himself
CBS News Sunday Morning 2016 TV Series documentary Himself
Democracy Now! 2013 TV Series Himself
Hemingway Unknown 2012 Documentary Himself
Hollywood contra Franco 2008 Documentary Himself
Circle of Honor 2003 TV Series documentary Himself
The Kid Stays in the Picture 2002 Documentary Himself
Life and Times 2000 TV Series documentary Himself
Hemingway: Winner Take Nothing 1998 Video documentary Himself
Gary Cooper: American Life, American Legend 1989 Documentary Himself
The Unknown War 1978 TV Mini-Series documentary Himself

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1954 Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel Prize

"for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, ... More


TitleSalary
Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man (1962) $100,000
The Sun Also Rises (1957) $10,000
The Killers (1946) $36,700
Men Without Women (1930) $500

#Quote
1 How I admire your straight thinking, your head, your heart and your very lovely hands and I pray God always that he will make up to you the very great hurt that I have done you--who are the best and truest and loveliest person that I have ever known.
2 If you are lucky enough to have lived in Paris as a young man, then wherever you go for the rest of your life it stays with you, for Paris is a moveable feast.
3 I drink to make other people interesting.
4 The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them.
5 When I dream of afterlife in heaven, the action always takes place in the Paris Ritz.
6 [on Marlene Dietrich] If she had nothing but her voice, she could break your heart with it. But she also has that beautiful body and the timeless loveliness of her face.
7 What is moral is what you feel good after and what is immoral is what you feel bad after.
8 There is no hunting like the hunting of men, especially armed men, and those who have done this long enough to like it...they never care for anything else thereafter.
9 Never mistake motion for action
10 Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut.
11 Remember this too: all bad writers are in love with the epic.
12 A man's got to take a lot of punishment to write a really funny book.
13 God knows people who are paid to have attitudes toward things, professional critics, make me sick; camp following eunuchs of literature. They won't even whore. They're all virtuous and sterile. And how well meaning and high minded. But they're all camp followers.
14 If the book is good, is about something that you know, and is truly written, and reading it over you see that this is so, you can let the boys yip and the noise will have that pleasant sound coyotes make on a very cold night when they are out in the snow and you are in your own cabin that you have built or paid for with your work.
15 All my life I've looked at words as though I were seeing them for the first time.
16 There are events which are so great that if a writer has participated in them his obligation is to write truly rather than assume the presumption of altering them with invention.
17 All things truly wicked start from an innocence.
18 A cat has absolute emotional honesty: human beings, for one reason or another, may hide their feelings, but a cat does not.
19 As you get older, it is harder to have heroes, but it is sort of necessary.

#Trademark
1 Recurring theme of nature in his works
2 Minimalist writing style
3 Often makes reference to his own interests such as boxing and fishing

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