Leader from the Irish self-reliance movement who was simply the third Leader from the newly-independent nation from 1959 to 1973. His tenure was proclaimed by financial and ethnic stagnation. He was the ringleader from the failed Easter Uprising in Dublin, where he was spared execution just due to his American nationality. Signing up for Ireland’s revoltionary motion in 1913, he became the leader from the separatist Sinn Fein party, the politics wing from the IRA. He was created in NEW YORK, the kid of Irish and Spanish parents, and transferred to Ireland at age group 2. Gerry Adams was the first choice from the Irish Republican Military, fighting alongside de Valera for House Rule.