Known for his function in the decision modelling sub-field of econometrics, this American scientist was 1 of 2 recipients from the 2000 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. He trained at both School of California, Berkeley, as well as the School of Southern California. After graduating from the School of Minnesota using a Bachelor of Research level in physics, he gained a Ph.D. in economics in the same organization. He was the 1975 receiver of the John Bates Clark Medal. A indigenous of Raleigh, NEW YORK, he later resided in Minnesota, Massachusetts, and California. His modern, fellow American scientist Dian Fossey, acquired a successful profession being a zoologist.