Painter and professional photographer who also pioneered American Modernism and was known for his precise, linear pictures. He and Paul Strand had been behind the film, “Manhatta,” from 1920. He went to the Pennsylvania Academy of Good Arts, where he was students from the famed William Merritt Run after, and 1st exhibited his just work at New York’s Macbeth Gallery in 1908. He regularly colored and photographed equipment and urban constructions and was commissioned from the Ford Engine Company to make a group of paintings and photos detailing its motor vehicle factories. He was raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He and his lifelong friend, designer Morton Schamberg, resided together inside a farmhouse in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. He was influenced by Pablo Picasso’s paintings.