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Catherine De Medici

Born in to the Italian aristocracy, she became Queen Consort of France upon the 1547 coronation of her spouse, Henry II. A well-known patron from the arts and structures, she commissioned the building from the Tuileries Palace in Paris. The Florence-born child of members from the rich and important Medici family members, she was pressured to reside in a convent for quite some time of her child years after her family were taken off power in 1527. Due to both her impact on her behalf ruling sons and her apparently cold-hearted plans toward the Huguenots, she received some blame for the 1572 St. Bartholomew’s Day time Massacre. Her relationship to Henry II created five sons and five daughters. Her three oldest sons — Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III — all became Kings of France, and her daughters Elisabeth and Margaret offered as Queens of Spain and France, respectively. She was the girl of Lorenzo de Medici, the one-time Duke of Urbino and ruler of Florence, Italy.

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