Latvian interpersonal democratic politician and historian who was simply arrested and delivered to a Nazi concentration camp during World Battle II. He was a lecturer in Marxist politics in the University or college of Latvia. He was caught and exiled to Sweden following the authoritarian coup d’état by Karlis Ulmanis. He was the child of prominent politicians Pauls Kalniņs and Klara Kalniņa. He subscribed towards the politics of Karl Marx.