A nineteenth-century writer and linguist, he was also a prominent person in the Young Latvia motion. He penned the movement’s manifesto, Nationale Bestrebungen, in 1872. He researched medicine in the College or university of Latvia but discontinued his research for financial factors. Also a instructor and educational theorist, he had written numerous articles for the topics of linguistics and education. He was the boy of the tailor and grew up in Durbe, Latvia. He and Romain Gary had been fellow Latvian authors.